Southwestern Historical Quarterly
The most moving and significant dimension of Braatz's study is his focus
on how the Yavapai bands struggled to stay in their homeland and work out
an accommodation with the invading Americans. Despite relocations to sev-
eral reservations in 1875 followed by another relocation to the Apache reser-
vation at San Carlos, the Yavapai persistently focused on how to win their way
back to their homeland through accommodation, such as working for
Americans and entering the market economy, through constant requests,
and through individuals walking away from San Carlos. Even after the
Yavapai gained new reservations in their homeland starting in 1903 at Fort
McDowell, they continued their careful and successful quest to preserve their
identity in their preferred area. Braatz concludes with a very effective analy-
sis on the significance of the Yavapai achievement and comparison with the
neighboring Pai, Navajo, and Chiricahua Apaches, who faced similar condi-
tions during this period.
California State Unzverszty, Northrdge THOMAS R. MADDUX
Little Known Hzstory of the Texas Bzg Bend: Documented Chronzcles from Cabeza de Vaca
to the Era of Pancho Villa. By Glenn Justice. (Odessa, Texas: Rimrock Press,
2ool. Pp. x+228. Acknowledgments, preface, illustrations, notes, bibliogra-
phy. ISBN 0-9722083-0-5. $24.95, paper.)
Historian Glenn Justice, familiar with a wide swath of West Texas history,
made his acquaintance with the Big Bend more than a quarter of a century ago.
Like most who partake of that subtly enticing region, his interest was piqued.
The result is this collection of essays, elaborating upon subjects as diverse as
Spanish exploration, early ranching, and the Mexican Revolution of 1910.
Justice tips his hat to such venerated stories as Cabeza de Vaca's wanderings
and his encounter with the Jumano Indians and Don Milton Faver and his ranch-
ing empire, but the bulk of his contribution is a reexamination of the confusing
events of the decade of the Mexican Revolution, for he has unearthed a number
of sources that other writers either overlooked or did not credit: the papers and
correspondence of Big Bend residents James Judson Kilpatrick (covering
1857-1935), Robert F. Keil (covering 1961-1969), and Harry Warren (covering
1835-1935). He has supplemented these first-hand sources with the huge cache
of information available in the military records in the National Archives.
This new information permits Justice to look again at such familiar events as
the Brite Ranch and Neville Ranch raids, the Massacre at Porvenir, the burning
of Pilares, and what has been called the last punitive expedition into Mexico in
1919, and bring added detail and interpretation. House Speaker Thomas P.
"Tip" O'Neal's famous quip that "all politics is local" comes to mind while read-
ing Justice's accounts, because he clarifies the tragic local story of these years
within the context of the international. In his hands, the Mexican "bandits" of
earlier tellings are seen as neighbors and family who are caught up in the con-
fusing events and changing loyalties of the Mexican Revolution. The difficulties
that the U.S. forces now face in Iraq will have a familiar ring as Justice describes
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 107, July 2003 - April, 2004. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101224/. Accessed July 6, 2015.