The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 84, July 1980 - April, 1981

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

of the effect of World War I on the 1914 elections; and Roosevelt's
hatred of Woodrow Wilson is underplayed as a cause of TR's conduct
in 1915-1916. This volume will not enhance Roosevelt's reputation as
a practitioner of internal party politics. He emerges as stubborn, inde-
cisive, and inept. While Gable has not written the last word on Roose-
velt's post-presidential career, his book is a sound contribution to a
better historical understanding of his subject's reform phase. At a time
when flashier, less careful accounts of Roosevelt tap a mood of nostalgia
for the Rough Rider, it is good to have this balanced, thoughtful mono-
graph.
University of Texas, Austin LEWIs L. GOULD
The Road to California: The Search for a Southern Overland Route,
54o0-I848. By Harlan Hague. (Glendale, Calif.: The Arthur H.
Clark Co., 1978. Pp. 299. Preface, bibliography, maps, index.
$20.50.)
The Road to California is the latest in this publisher's "American
Trail Series." Professor Hague asserts that, "until now, the story of the
southern route has been scattered in bits and pieces throughout the
literature of the period" (p. 13), and his primary purpose is to consoli-
date these pieces. He has zealously searched published English-
language sources of primary and secondary material to present this in-
tegrated treatment of the southern route to California.
The author's secondary goal is to prove that unlike northern trails
the southern routes followed no single road. Instead, the southern route
to California offered travelers a variety of courses. There was the Anza
Trail from Sonora; there was the Old Spanish Trail from New Mexico;
there were several trails that ran along the Gila River.
Hague has carefully traced the routes of all the explorers who blazed
these trails in Sonora, Arizona, New Mexico, and California. The In-
dians from the desert, who first laid out the routes from the Colorado
River to trade for shells along the California coast, he treats along with
the Spanish explorers: Alvar Ntiiez Cabeza de Vaca, Francisco Vis-
quez de Coronado, Juan Bautista de Anza, Tomis Hermenegildo
Garces, and Fray Silvestre Velez de Escalante. Spanish officials under-
stood the importance of the land route to the infant California colo-
nies, and Hague probes fully their efforts to chart a trail. In addition,
he handles adequately the disaster of the Yuma uprising of 1781 and

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 84, July 1980 - April, 1981. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101225/. Accessed April 19, 2014.