The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 84, July 1980 - April, 1981

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

who prey on helpless and rightless illegal aliens. Whereas Samora was
primarily concerned with a description of the immigration process it-
self, Davidson focuses more on the human drama.
In no way can Davidson's book be considered historical or scholarly,
nor was it intended to be. Instead, its usefulness lies in its ability to
translate the cold, impersonal statistics that are the usual basis for dis-
cussion of this issue into a human saga of the feelings and desires and
of the abuses that characterize this human flow. In addition to giving
an account of the trek itself, Davidson also devotes a chapter to a por-
trayal of the life and work of an illegal immigrant in the shadow labor
force of San Antonio.
The Long Road North is a short, readable, and informative book.
Presumably the story is basically factual, although it does contain num-
erous conversations and situations that did not actually occur in the
presence of the author. The study is useful to anyone who is interested
in the plight of the growing number of persons who are not United
States citizens but who are very much among us.
Cornell University VERNON M. BRIGGS, JR.
Chicanos in a Changing Society: From Mexican Pueblos to American
Barrios in Santa Barbara and Southern California, z848-193o. By
Albert Camarillo. (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1979.
Pp. 326. Introduction, illustrations, tables, appendices, glossary,
index. $17.50.)
Race and Class in the Southwest: A Theory of Racial Inequality. By
Mario Barrera. (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press,
1979. Pp. 261. Introduction, appendix, bibliography, index.
$13.95.)
Before the 19g6os, such a thing as Chicano history did not exist. Gen-
erally speaking, historians did not pay much attention to the Mexican
presence in the United States. True, men like Carey McWilliams, Paul
S. Taylor, George I. Sanchez, and Americo Paredes had done impor-
tant studies on Chicanos, but, by themselves, their works did not com-
prise a unique area of study that could correctly be called "Chicano
history."
A cadre of Chicano historians, however, appeared in the 1970s. Re-
sponding to student demands for a chance to study Mexican American
history, graduate schools in the late 1960s and the 1970s opened their

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 84, July 1980 - April, 1981. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101225/. Accessed July 26, 2014.