de Mendoza in 1683-1684, the Bahia Road, the National Road of the
Republic of Texas, and various military trails and wagon roads. Wil-
liams made no claim to having the last word on every trail turn and
stream crossing, but his thorough research makes his conclusions con-
J. W. Williams died in 1977 without having put his book into final
form. We are fortunate that his friend Kenneth F. Neighbours of Mid-
western University, who had gone with him on many of his exploring
trips, was available to compile and edit his manuscripts. Professor
Neighbours should be praised for his admirable completion of an un-
usually difficult task of editing. The outcome is a major commentary
on Texas history-one likely to be consulted by scholars and laymen
for many decades.
Dallas WAYNE GARD
Alcohol, Reform and Society: The Liquor Issue in Social Context.
Edited by Jack S. Blocker, Jr. "Contributions in American His-
tory," Number 83. (Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press,
1979. Pp. xii+289. Introduction, tables, figures, bibliography,
After prohibition took effect in 1919-1920, its advocates believed
that a permanent change had occurred in American life. "There is as
much chance of repealing the Eighteenth Amendment," said Senator
Morris Sheppard of Texas, "as there is for a hummingbird to fly to the
planet Mars with the Washington Monument tied to its tail" (p. 172).
In the wake of repeal in 1933, prohibition became one of the most
discredited and scorned social movements in the nation's past. During
the last two decades, however, scholars such as Norman H. Clark,
James H. Timberlake, and Ross E. Paulson, have begun to examine
liquor reform with more care. Their work has revealed that temper-
ance was a pervasive aspect of local and state politics throughout the
nineteenth century, and that the dry decade of the 192os had long-
standing and legitimate antecedents in the mainstream of United States
history. Jack S. Blocker's volume of essays makes a useful contribution
to that process of revision and reexamination.
The ten articles found in this book range acrosss the spectrum of
current temperance investigations. While several, such as Charles
Isetts's account of a temperance crusade in Hillsboro, Ohio, in the
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 84, July 1980 - April, 1981. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101225/. Accessed July 23, 2014.