The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 84, July 1980 - April, 1981

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

rider or calf roper is a cowboy. "But he is not. Rodeo is a major spec-
tator sport, like football, basketball, or ice hockey, and the individual
who participates in it is an athlete" (p. 123).
It seems improbable at this late date that anything could be said
about the American cowboy which has not already been written thou-
sands of times. Yet, Savage manages to pour old wine into new bottles-
rather than the other way around-with enough style and wit to make
the contents appear somewhat fresh and original.
Santa Fe, New Mexico W. EUGENE HOLLON
Repealing National Prohibition. By David E. Kyvig. (Chicago: The
University of Chicago Press, 1979. Pp. xix+274. Preface, intro-
duction, illustrations, bibliography, index. $21.)
Most recent scholarly works on prohibition have concentrated on the
movement up through the passage of the Eighteenth Amendment;
David E. Kyvig has now given us an excellent study of the crusade for
repeal. Though he summarizes background and collateral events and
deals with the significance of the elections of 1928 and 1932 and the
impact of the Great Depression, the most important thing Kyvig does
is to identify the leaders of the national repeal campaign and analyze
their beliefs and methods. Focusing upon the Association Against the
Prohibition Amendment, the principal wet organization, he credits
three other groups, the Women's Organization for National Prohibi-
tion Reform, the Voluntary Committee of Lawyers, and the Crusaders,
with rendering valuable assistance. Founded by William H. Stayton,
the AAPA attracted the support of a remarkable collection of the
country's leading business and professional men, including Irenee,
Pierre, and Lammot du Pont; John J. Raskob; Charles H. Sabin; Ed-
ward S. Harkness; and James W. Wadsworth.
From his research in the du Pont papers, Kyvig concludes that the
leaders of the AAPA-mostly old-stock Americans with traditional
middle-class values and no direct connection with the liquor industry
-differed from drys such as Senator Morris Sheppard of Texas "prin-
cipally in their unwillingness to accept the progressive notion of using
federal power to reshape social patterns and individual behavior" (p.
198). They feared that the disrespect for law provoked by national pro-
hibition threatened their way of life. Opposing any return to open
saloons, they wanted liquor control to be left to state and local authori-
ties. Essentially the same people who dominated the AAPA later or-

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 84, July 1980 - April, 1981. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101225/. Accessed July 30, 2014.