for the analysis of slavery. Employing cross-cultural insights too often
lacking in earlier studies, Perdue shows the Cherokee nation driven by
forces of acculturation versus cultural conservatism, by the long,
wrenching dispute over the removal issue, and by subsequent rivalry
to rule the wreckage. One succinct paragraph on the "Trail of Tears"
reduces it from its traditional dominance in Cherokee history, showing
it in a more balanced perspective as just one, relatively fleeting, episode
among multiple traumas suffered by that nation from within and
Whether as southern or western regional history, as Indian or black
history, this is an enjoyable and useful book. It will be especially valu-
able background for observers of contemporary Cherokee society, in
which the old wounds have yet to heal.
Austin ELIZABETH A. H. JOHN
Captain M. T. Gonzaullas: Lone Wolf, The Only Texas Ranger Cap-
tain of Spanish Descent. By Brownson Malsch. (Austin: Shoal
Creek Publishers, 1980. Pp. xvi+224. Illustrations, foreword,
preface, bibliographic note, index. $12.50.)
Lone Wolf, or El Lobo Solo, the Texas Ranger whose nickname
struck terror in many a lawbreaker, receives a fitting biography in this
book by Brownson Malsch. Manuel Trazazas Gonzaullas, 1891-1977,
one of the outstanding rangers of recent decades, was of Spanish ances-
try on his father's side and German on his mother's side. He had been
a major in the Mexican army and a special investigative agent of the
United States Treasury Department before he enlisted in the Ranger
force in 1920o, at the age of twenty-nine.
By that time the Rangers, instead of chasing horse thieves and cattle
rustlers, were cleaning out crime in oil-boom towns; and they used
cars more often than horses for transportation. Gonzaullas, often work-
ing alone, was kept busy tracking down culprits and smashing the
equipment of speakeasies and gambling clubs. So successful was he that
for two periods his services were borrowed by the U.S. Treasury De-
partment to aid federal agents in enforcing prohibition; but his main
love was for the Rangers.
Gonzaullas had an unusual knack for finding and following clues.
When the Ranger force was reorganized and modernized in 1935, he
was put in charge of fingerprinting, ballistic tests, and detective work.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 84, July 1980 - April, 1981. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101225/. Accessed December 12, 2013.