The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 29, July 1925 - April, 1926

Book Reviews and Notices

Arredondo's Historical Proof of Spain's Title to Georgia. Edited
by Herbert E. Bolton, Ph. D., Professor of American His-
tory and Director of the Bancroft Library, University of
California. (Berkeley: University of California Press.
1925. Pp. XVII, 382.)
The opening statement of this interesting document as trans-
lated is as follows: "Historical proof of the right of the Catholic
King to the territory held today by the British King under the
name of New Georgia in the provinces and Continent of Florida,
by which is proved the unquestionable title of the King of Spain
as far as north latitude 320 30', inclusive, where lies the harbor of
the island of Santa Elena, the point by which the limits of the
respective possessions in this part of the world, between Florida and
Carolina, should be marked. Havana, March 20, 1742."
The English translation of this document including one hundred
and eight pages is followed by the Spanish text embracing one
hundred and four pages of this volume. Arredondo showed that
from the discovery of America Spain had preceded all other nations
in taking possession of the new world. He maintained therefore
that the French and the English should have recognized the prior
claim of Spain which was based upon discovery, exploration and
occupation. He devoted considerable attention to the conflicts be-
tween France and Spain and between England and Spain on ac-
count of the disputed possession of the territory which afterwards
became South Carolina and Georgia.
Professor Bolton points out that this document "makes clearer
than any other work hitherto published the nature of the long
contest between Spain and England over the coast region of South
Carolina and Georgia. It was written by a trained man who saw
service on the disputed frontier as diplomat and soldier. In 1736
Engineer Antonio de Arredondo was sent from Havana to Frederica.
to protest to Oglethorpe against the establishment of the Georgia
colony. In succeeding years he served at intervals in Florida,
drawing maps, writing reports, and perfecting the fortifications for
the forthcoming struggle with England. In 1742 he was chief-of-
staff in the Spanish campaign against Georgia." The document


Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 29, July 1925 - April, 1926. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. Accessed February 12, 2016.