296 Southwestern Historical Quarterly
EL YLLUSTRE SENOR XAMUSCADO
FATHER ZEPHYRIN ENGELHARDT, O. F. M.
In THE SOUTHWESTERN HISTORICAL QUARTERLY Of January,
1926, Mr. J. L. Mecham mentions me among the writers who
claimed that Chamuscado and his companions left New Mexico
before Fr. Juan de Santa Maria. When Professor H. E. Bolton
called my attention to the error I had already determined to make
the correction at the first opportunity. I did more. In a review
of Mr. Mecham's article on Fr. Santa Maria, which appeared in
The Catholic Historical Review, Washington, October, 1920, I in-
corporated my own English translation of the two identical Span-
ish documents which Mr. Mecham calls new documents. These
precious papers were obtained from the famous Edward Ayer
Collection, Newberry Library, Chicago. My lengthy review of
Mr. Mecham's article was crowded out of The Catholic Historical
Review, wherefore it appeared in The Southwestern Catholic on
January 6th and 13th, 1922, at Santa Fe, New Mexico, near the
very scene of the tragedy of 1581.1
In his translation Mecham omits the phrase-estando deter-
minado su merced (Chamuscado) y los demas descubridores que
en su compafiia venian a descubrir-Chamuscado being determined
as well as the rest of the discoverers who came in his company to
make discoveries." Yet this clause touches the root of all the
troubles between them and the missionaries. They had not been
engaged to make discoveries, but to protect the three Franciscans.
In his introduction Mr. Mecham speaks of the "Chamuscado-
Rodriguez exploring party." There was no such exploring party
with Brother Rodriguez a member.
Likewise "Chamuscado accompanied by three Franciscan mis-
sionaries," is reversing the situation as though Chamuscado were
the real leader and director of the enterprise. He indeed con-
ducted himself as such, and that caused all the trouble and dis-
aster that followed.
Now with regard to the two papers, it must strike the thought-
ful reader that they indicate disagreement not alone between
Chamuscado and the missionaries, but between him and those
'Copies ordered sent to the University of California.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 29, July 1925 - April, 1926. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117141/. Accessed May 27, 2015.