Southwestern Historical Quarterly
CAPTAIN JESUS CUELLAR, TEXAS CAVALRY, OTHER-
Although the services rendered to revolutionary Texas by Jesus
Cuellar were by no means inconsiderable, and are in part well
known, his name appears but once in the archives of Texas, and
not at all in any English account of the Texas Revolution. This
was likely due to his own wishes, for there are indications that,
with good reason, he preferred that the nature and extent of his
services to Texas should not be known to the enemy. Aside from
mention of him as an Alf6rez serving in the Mexican army in
Tamaulipas in 1833,1 the earliest reference to him that I have
found is contained in a letter written by General Stephen F.
Austin, then commanding the Texan Volunteers before Bexar, to
the President of the General Consultation of Texas, under date
of November 18, 1835, in which he says :2
On the 14th I received information that Col. Ugartechea left
Bexar the night before for Laredo, supposedly for the purpose of
escorting the expected reinforcements. I immediately dispatched
Col. Burleson with one hundred and thirty men in pursuit of him.
I have since learned that Ugartechea had a man for a Pilot who
has lived with the Comanches, and that he will make a great
circuit by the hills on the head of the Medina. The prospect of
Burleson's meeting him is therefore doubtful.
At a supremely opportune moment a few weeks later, this "Pilot
who had lived with the Comanches," transferred his allegiance
from Santa Anna to Texas. Some mention of this fact is found
in all the Texan narratives of the Bexar Campaign, and among
them the account of Col. Frank W. Johnson, who was then Gen-
eral Burleson's adjutant :3
On the 4th, marching orders were issued and the Quarter-
Master was directed to have the trains loaded and ready to move
with the Army on the 5th. About the middle of the afternoon,
'Moctezuma to Ugartechea, August 15, 1833, in Filisola, Memorias para
la Historia de la Guerra de Texas, I, 428.
2THE QUARTERLY, XI, 49.
'Johnson-Barker, History of Texas, I, 352.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 30, July 1926 - April, 1927. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117142/. Accessed July 29, 2014.