Location of Tejas Indian Village and Spanish Missions 203
THE LOCATION OF THE TEJAS INDIAN VILLAGE (SAN
PEDRO) AND THE SPANISH MISSIONS IN
HOUSTON COUNTY, TEXAS1
1. PERSONAL INVESTIGATIONS
The location of the historic Tejas Indian Village (San Pedro)
and the two Franciscan missions for the Nabedache Indians had
almost been forgotten when Professor Herbert E. Bolton in 1908
more definitely suggested the location of San Pedro and also the
first and second missions to be established in East Texas, namely
San Francisco de los Tejas and Santissimo Nombre de Maria.
The first of these missions was built in the middle of the Tejas
village, while the mission of Santissimo Nombre de Maria was
established a few miles northeast of it.2
Four personal investigations made recently on the ground have
disclosed that all knowledge possessed by the oldest citizens now
living in the vicinity, throws no light whatever on the actual site
of the Tejas village, later known as San Pedro, or on the above
named missions established for the Nabedaches in the year 1690.
All local tradition has faded from memory. In spite of this fact,
on April 16, 1929, in company with Mr. J. M. Lovell (who has
resided in the vicinity of the former Tejas village for the past
fifty-five years), I began my journey to attempt to locate the site
of this village and the missions. Starting out from the Kennedy
crossing on the Neches River and proceeding in a southwesterly
direction down the course of the north loop of the old San An-
tonio road for about five miles, we came to the farm of Mr.
Daniel McLean. Subsequently we started on another journey
'Sincere appreciation is hereby expressed to the following for kind
assistance given to the author: Mr. Will A. Woldert, Mr. D. K. Cald-
well, Mr. A. F. Hinton, Mr. J. M. Lovell, Miss Adina de Zavala, Mr. J.
M. Sheridan, Mr. James McLean, Mr. H. P. Cutler, Mr. George A. Moore,
the Reverend Father Paul J. Foik, the Reverend George L. Crocket, Mr.
David Donaghue, Miss Margaret Downs, Mrs. Albert Woldert, and Mrs.
Mattie Austin Hatcher.
2Herbert E. Bolton, "The Native Tribes about the East Texas Mis-
sions," in The Texas State Historical Association, The Quarterly, XI,
265. See, also, by the same author, Texas in the Middle Eighteenth
Century, map in the fly-leaf; and Robert Carlton Clark, The Beginnings
of Texas, 1684-1718, pp. 24-25.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 38, July 1934 - April, 1935. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117143/. Accessed March 16, 2014.