Southwestern Historical Quarterly
ple. Witness the custom of the old time Choctaw who had been
tried and condemned for some offense, reporting on the appointed
day without guard or escort, ready to be felled by the execution-
er's bullet-a free man until death. As early as 1819, at a time
when most white children of the South were receiving little or
no schooling, the Choctaw warriors appropriated their annuities
and other money and property to the support of schools. Thence-
forth they maintained a school system which compared favorably
with that of most Southern states. The Choctaws believed in
community ownership of land and long resisted the efforts of the
general government to force upon them division and allotment.
Wiser than the white men perhaps, these people regarded nat-
ural resources, such as coal and timber, as national property,
and believed that he who exploited them should do so only un-
der the direction of the state. Their struggle to resist wasteful
exploitation of natural wealth was both heroic and pathetic.
At the game of politics the Choctaws were adept, and, although
they sometimes blundered at governing themselves, it must be
said that they succeeded about as well as white people under
similar conditions. They became past masters in the art of di-
plomacy and more than once managed by skillful negotiation to
save their state from destruction.
The Rise and Fall of the Choctaw Republic is scholarly, well
organized, and well written. The author has given us a clear
conception of this unique Indian society. She has told well the
story of a people who had sufficient virtue, stamina, and common-
sense to maintain for many generations their primitive institu-
tions, adjusting them from time to time as they became convinced
that certain practices of the white people were superior to their
own. Although their state has been dissolved and their society
submerged they have, nevertheless, enriched the history of the
Southwest, and some of their institutions should be perpetuated.
R. N. RICHAnDSON.
Tall Tales from Texas Cow Camps. By Mody C. Boatright.
Illustrated by Elizabeth C. Keefer (Dallas, The Southwest
Press, 1934). Pp. xvii, 100.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 38, July 1934 - April, 1935. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117143/. Accessed December 20, 2013.