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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 38, July 1934 - April, 1935

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

Nation. The first jury under Judge Looney Price having dis-
agreed, a second jury, chosen from a list submitted by the de-
fendant, found Archilla guilty and Chief Justice Jesse Bushyhead
sentenced him to hang. Though the trial is a minor episode in
the bitter controversies which had torn the Cherokee Nation asunder
since the Treaty of New Echota, Archilla stated to the jury, "I
believe you have decided according to what you think justice."
This slender volume has significance because it reveals the social
and political development of the Cherokee Indians, particularly
that of justice since the Anglo-Saxon code was superimposed upon
the law of the Cherokee clans; and because the defendant and his
counsel belonged to one party and the court to the other. Not the
least interesting section of the book is Foreman's concise account of
Payne's life, his association with the Cherokees, and the back-
ground of the trial. His footnotes are more than adequate, the
biographical sketches being both factual and interpretative. Those
interested in the early history of Oklahoma and in government will
welcome this fifth book to the series which Foreman has issued on
the Five Civilized Tribes of Oklahoma.
Wild Bill and His Era: The Life and Adventures of James Butler
Hickok. By William Elsey Connelley. (New York: The
Press of the Pioneers, 1933. Pp. xii, 229. Illustrations.)
The late William E. Connelley, of the Kansas Historical Society,
had, through many years, gathered the scattered fragments of Wild
Bill's story. His unfinished manuscript was prepared for publica-
tion by his daughter, Mrs. Edith C. Clift, and is issued in an
attractive form three years after the author's death.
From all the stories that drifted down the trails to Texas it
seemed that Wild Bill Hickok must surely have been the most
noted of the Kansas scouts and gun-fighters, and the biographer
gathered much historical incident and anecdote to bolster this
assumption. Wild Bill, "devoid of vanity," was born to fame and
notoriety as James Butler Hickok, in La Salle County, Illinois,
1837 ; he drove on the Santa Fe Trail before the Civil War; served
with the "Red Legs" and other forces during the conflict; scouted
with the military against warring Indians afterwards; served as
marshal at Hays and Abilene during their boisterous days; joined

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 38, July 1934 - April, 1935. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. Accessed May 6, 2016.

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