Jeri Castro awd fames Iiamiltom
SISTER M. GENEROSA CALLAHAN
H ENRI CASTRO, FOUNDER OF THE TOWN OF CASTROVILLE
twenty-four miles west of San Antonio, played an im-
portant role in the development of the Republic of
Texas. Jewish, Portuguese, French, American-he came to Texas
in 1842 to function in that political atmosphere of nations look-
ing to the Republic of Texas for national advantages. The re-
public had won only one of its successes when the War of Inde-
pendence terminated with the battle of San Jacinto, because
Mexico refused to recognize its independence and was determined
to renew hostilities. The young republic had to achieve certain
fundamentals before it would be treated as a nation: pay its
war debts; establish a sound financial system; be recognized as
a nation by the major world powers; and draw immigrants into
its vast unsettled lands. Henri Castro shared in the attainment
of some of these fundamentals through his associations with
General James Hamilton, who did more than any other indi-
vidual toward their achievement.
Hamilton, a native of South Carolina, who had studied law
and achieved successful careers as a general in the War of 1812 and
as Governor of South Carolina, became intensely interested in
Texas during its War of Independence, 1835-1836, and worked
for its welfare, especially annexation to the United States. As a
successful business man with a large fortune, a military leader,
and a statesman, he realized that Texas, though handicapped
because of its limited sources of revenue, was rich in natural
'For the background material, the writer drew principally from the following
sources: E. C. Barker, Readings in Texas History (Dallas, 1929); William Campbell
Binkley, The Expansionist Movement in Texas, z836-z85o (Berkeley, 1925) ; H. R.
Edwards, "The Diplomatic Relations between France and the Republic of Texas,"
Southwestern Historical Quarterly, XX, 209-242, 341-358; George Pierce Garrison
(ed.), Diplomatic Correspondence of the Republic of Texas (2 vols.; Annual Report
of the American Historical Association for the years 1907 and 1908, Washington);
C. A. Gulick, Jr. and others (eds.), The Papers of Mirabeau Buonaparte Lamar
(6 vols.; Austin, 1921-1928).
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 69, July 1965 - April, 1966. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117144/. Accessed May 18, 2013.