Southwestern Historical Quarterly
This proves Spain failed. He does not seem to realize that this
is not a listing of Spain's purpose in Texas. They are not valid
measures of Spanish success or failure but all are instead value
judgments popularly held by the manifest destiny Anglo-Texan
historians of a century ago. Yet he is aware that Spain did suc-
ceed in accomplishing its purpose in Texas. The Spaniards did
keep all intruders out of the area. He knows too that, in the
end, the Spanish Empire in America did not fall to outside civ-
ilized invaders or to barbarians on the fringe of the arena. Then
what must be the explanation for Spain's loss of Texas?
For the answer he leaps over the record before him to accept
and repeat the provincial Anglo-Texan explanation derived a
century ago out of prejudice and ignorance. He holds that the
bold, adventurous, battling conquistador of the sixteenth cen-
tury was turned into a timorous, poverty-ridden peasant lacking
ambition by the bureaucratic legal and economic system of mon-
archial Spain. For good measure he throws in the opinion that
the inhabitants were spiritually smothered by their church. Un-
fortunately for the author, the answer to this riddle cannot be
discovered by studying Texas history alone. San Antonio was
not the heart or head of the Spanish empire.
CHARLES A. BACARISSE
University of Houston
Education and Masonry in Texas, 1846 to 186z. By James David
Carter. Waco (Committee on Masonic Education and Service
for the Grand Lodge of 'Texas, A.F. 8c A.M.), 1964. Pp.
xvii+753. Tables, illustrations, bibliography, index. $8.oo.
Back in the days when the State Archives was housed in a
quonset hut in Camp Hubbard, James D. Carter visited rather
frequently. He would arrive from Waco to examine certain
materials which he already knew existed. He was methodical
about his research (it was almost as if he were on a time schedule) ,
but occasionally the two of us would take a break together and
sit on the bench under the trees in front of the "Hut." As we
talked, Masonic subjects seemed to come to the fore. Carter was
always prying, trying to uncover a new lead, even when on a
break. His intenseness interested me most, and sure enough this
same intenseness has brought to fruition the present volume.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 69, July 1965 - April, 1966. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117144/. Accessed March 29, 2015.