use the extensive publications of John R. Swanton, from whom
Rothe derives much of her data, either directly or indirectly. In
addition, it should be noted that Rothe's concepts and interpre-
tations about the Alabama-Coushatta in prehistoric times have
been outmoded for some time.
The most informative and useful parts of this book are the
last two chapters and the appendix. There one learns something
about recent affairs among the two Indian groups. The appendix
reproduces the Constitution and By-Laws of the Alabama and
Coushatta Tribes of Texas, making it readily available for study.
T. N. CAMPBELL
The University of Texas
Ranald S. Mackenzie on the Texas Frontier. By Ernest Wallace.
Lubbock (West Texas Museum Association), 1964. Pp. x+
214. Illustrations, maps, index. $6.50.
Ranald S. Mackenzie is not unknown to most students of the
post-Civil War frontier, but he has never received as much atten-
tion as a number of less successful campaigners. Professor Ernest
Wallace of Texas Technological College has now rescued his sub-
ject from relative obscurity in this well-written study of Macken-
zie on the Texas frontier.
Born in New York City on July 27, 1840, Mackenzie compiled
an excellent record at West Point where he graduated in 1862 at
the head of a class of twenty-eight. His first service was with the
Engineer Battalion of the Army of the Potomac, but in June,
1864, he was given command of the 2nd Connecticut Infantry
Regiment. In three years of war he collected seven brevets and
six wounds and earned the lasting esteem of Grant, Sherman, and
Sheridan. Breveted major-general in the volunteers, he resumed
his permanent rank of Captain of Engineers on February 28, 1868.
Anxious for field service, Mackenzie accepted command of a
Negro regiment, the 41st, which he commanded along the Rio
The real beginning of his frontier service came on December
15, 1870, when he was transferred to the command of the 4th
Cavalry which would long be identified with him. Thirty years
old, slight in body but strong in will, he was sometimes impa-
tient with regulations when they interferred with his determina-
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 69, July 1965 - April, 1966. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117144/. Accessed March 2, 2015.