a concussion. During his convalescence, Dodge's command was merged
with another corps. He retired from the army on finding himself with-
out a command.
President Lincoln made Dodge commander of the District of
Missouri. Energetic Dodge quickly executed thirty guerillas, an act
that upset Lincoln who advocated leniency. General Grant soon
added Kansas, Colorado, Utah, Nebraska, Wyoming, and Montana to
Dodge's department. With two Kansas cavalry regiments, Dodge moved
westward against the Indians of the Platte Valley in the winter of 1865.
Although thirteen of his men froze to death, Dodge continued his
advance. The northern tribes of the Arapaho and the Cheyenne fled to
their villages on the Powder River in Wyoming at the same time as
the stagecoach and mail routes reopened between Omaha and Denver.
Dodge then turned on the southern plains' tribes in the Arkansas River
Valley and drove them toward the Wichita Mountains. His campaigns
ended in the fall of 1865, when President Andrew Johnson, deciding
on a lenient Indian policy, removed the troops.
Turning from annihilation to benefaction, Dodge profited from
government contracts to feed the Indians. Dodge also kept his finger
in the political pie at Des Moines and was rewarded by being elected
to Congress in 1866. Dodge's paramount interest, however, lay in rail-
road building. He was to be the chief engineer for the construction
of the Union Pacific and later to play the same role in the building of
the Texas and Pacific and the Fort Worth and Denver railroads. Dodge
was to continue the building of railroads until after 1goo900, and by then
he was many times a millionaire. He had his name briefly besmirched
in the Grant era, but lived down any stain on his reputation and died
esteemed in 1916.
Stanley P. Hirshon has placed no halos over Dodge in writing
vividly and well of an able doer who did not allow scruples to hinder
his progress. It is the best biography of Dodge yet written and indicates
Texas Christian University WILLIAM C. NUNN
Painted Walls of Mexico: From Prehistoric Times until Today. By
Emily Edwards and Manuel Alvarez Bravo (photographer). Fore-
word by Jean Charlot. Austin (University of Texas Press), 1966.
Pp. xxiii+3o06. Illustrations, bibliography, index. $15.oo.
From one end of the world to the other, Mexican murals are justly
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 71, July 1967 - April, 1968. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117145/. Accessed October 23, 2014.