The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 71, July 1967 - April, 1968

Book Reviews

into the personalities of Administration leaders and their relation-
ships with one another. Hull comes out looking good, F.D.R. not so
good. Though the author is not unfriendly toward Roosevelt, his
thorough account reveals Hull as a Secretary who was very much on
top of his job; Roosevelt was a President who was erratic, to say the
least, in his handling of foreign affairs. However much Hull may have
been handicapped by his own long-recognized shortcomings-his pre-
occupation with world trade, his doctrinaire moralizing-he appears to
have been handicapped even more by having to work with a Pres-
ident who constantly resorted to jocularity to hide his own hazy
thoughts and indecision.
Despite some bumbling on Roosevelt's part, however, Divine's book
is a study in success, the success of Roosevelt, Hull, Truman, and
Stettinius in winning the assent of the Senate to membership in an
international organization. They had many advantages over Wilson.
The public was overwhelmingly in favor of such a step (won over,
one suspects, more by the sheer impact of the war than by the prop-
agandizing of the internationalist organizations). They were also
attempting less, for the UN with its iron-clad veto was a far more
modest undertaking than Wilson's League. Nevertheless, in reading
the account of the hearings on the UN Charter in the Foreign Rela-
tions Committee, one is struck with the ease with which the Adminis-
tration slid over the vital question of congressional control over war
making. In this 315-page study, it took only six pages to recount the
committee hearings-quite a contrast to what occurred in 1919.
All students of United States foreign policy are indebted to the
author for his perceptive and well-written study.
Tulane University RAYMOND A. ESTHUS
The Rock Art of Texas Indians. Paintings by Forrest Kirkland. Text
by W. W. Newcomb, Jr. Austin (University of Texas Press),
1967. Pp. xivr259. Illustrations, maps, table, bibliography, index.
$12.50.
This large, profusely illustrated, well-written book was conceived
thirty-five years ago when the late Forrest Kirkland, a talented com-
mercial artist of Dallas, began to spend his summer vacations making
small-scale, water-color reproductions of paintings and engravings on
rock surfaces in western Texas. As this Indian art was slowly being
destroyed by both natural forces and vandalism, Kirkland's initial

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 71, July 1967 - April, 1968. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117145/. Accessed August 23, 2014.