The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 71, July 1967 - April, 1968

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

Meusebach resigned in 1847 and the verein dissolved in failure and
intrigue. But New Braunfels and Fredericksburg had been founded
and many immigrants had been brought to, more freedom and plenty
than they had ever known.
Meusebach served in the Texas senate from 1851 to 1853, and
then left public life. At the age of forty he married a seventeen-year-
old girl. He was a farmer and merchant at various locations in the
German area of Texas, finally settling in 1875 on a farm midway be-
tween Fredericksburg and Mason. He was interested in botany and
kept up his interest in horticulture and other sciences as well as pol-
itics. Meusebach, a calm, honorable, and, according to some, imprac-
tical man, led a quiet but intellectual rural life. He died in 1897 at
the age of eighty-five.
Irene King has written a scholarly work, making excellent use of
family notes and German sources. Her footnotes and bibliography are
dependable, and her style is readable, even though she sometimes
reverts to a chronicle of family interest.
San Antonio College DAVID B. TRIMBLE
Cotton Versus Conscience: Massachusetts Whig Politics and South-
western Expansion, 1843-1848. By Kinley J. Brauer. Lexington
(The University of Kentucky Press), 1967. Pp. vi+272. Bibliog-
raphy, index. $7.50.
During three quarters of the century that followed the close of the
American Revolution, the boundaries of the United States were ex-
panded to include all its present territory, save non-contiguous areas.
Except for adjustments along the northern frontier, the additions to
the original nation were made on the south and west and under pres-
idents from those sections--Jefferson and his successors. Spokesmen for
the Northeast, for the most part, opposed each accession, being moti-
vated in the early period mainly by the desire to safeguard the influ-
ence of their section in the central government.
John Quincy Adams was an exception. As a Federalist Senator from
Massachusetts, he supported the purchase of Louisiana. Then as James
Monroe's Secretary of State, he negotiated the treaty with Spain by
which the United States acquired East Florida but reluctantly gave
up its claims to Texas. As Republican President, Adams attempted
to buy Texas. Deprived of the Presidency by Andrew Jackson's Demo-
cratic Republicans, Adams soon returned to Washington as a Con-

454

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 71, July 1967 - April, 1968. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117145/. Accessed July 13, 2014.