gressman. He became an inveterate opponent of the expansion of
slavery, opposing the annexation of Texas and the Mexican War. Was
his conscience largely responsible for the change in his position, or did
resentment toward Andrew Jackson and his supporters loom larger
in Adams' mind than he may have realized? Economic issues and
practical politics undoubtedly played a part in the change in his
By the 1840's northeasterners opposed expansion mainly because
they were unwilling to see the area of slavery expand. Did their attitude
stem principally from humanitarian concern for the Negro, or from
hatred for the slaveowners' power? True, the Conscience Whigs of
Massachusetts, having lost control of the party by 1834, challenged
the Cotton Whigs avowedly on moral grounds, but leaders like
Charles Francis Adams were motivated perhaps more than they real-
ized by resentment over being pushed into the background by a new
aristocracy, the industrialists and their spokesmen.
Although Professor Brauer does not deal with some questions I
have raised, he has been exhaustive in the use of pertinent sources,
judicious in interpreting them, and skillful in exhibiting his findings.
The book will enhance the enviable reputation of the University of
Lambuth College OTTIS CLARK SKIPPER
The Frontier Re-examined. Edited by John Francis McDermott.
Urbana (The University of Illinois Press), 1967. Pp. vii+192.
In November, 1965, a group of scholars gathered on the new Ed-
wardsville campus of Southern Illinois University to re-examine the
frontier in American history. At least four of the conferees who read
papers at the meeting proposed certain reinterpretations of western
history. John Francis McDermott, research professor of humanities
at Southern Illinois University, and the organizer of the gathering,
emphasized the importance of frontier urban life and noted that
"class distinctions in the wilds was an accepted fact that surprised no
one." Similarly, Merrill J. Mattes, of the National Park Service, called
for re-examination of the Nebraska river towns that launched far more
overland emigrants than the better known communities in Missouri.
Richard E. Oglesby, of the University of California at Santa Barbara,
questioned some of our most sacred ideas on fur trade business meth-
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 71, July 1967 - April, 1968. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117145/. Accessed March 13, 2014.