because of financial reversals of his family, but in 1847 he managed to
enter Wake Forest College and was graduated as valedictorian. After
graduation from the medical department of the University of New
York in 1853, he studied at the Philadelphia College of Medicine.
In 1855, in order to join other members of his family, he moved to
Independence, Texas, where he practiced medicine and taught at
The author's obvious enthusiasm about the man and his work is
reflected by many laudatory adjectives. The book is invaluable as a
source of documentary information concerning the concepts held
by the public and the medical profession. The official documents
cited, the diaries quoted, and the letters reproduced give a lucid
account of how "insanity" was regarded and what provisions the legis-
lature and the public generally made for the care of the "insane."
Timberlawn Foundation, Inc., the publisher, is a nonprofit organi-
zation founded for the purpose of promoting research and educa-
tion in psychiatry. Its president is Perry C. Talkington. Doris Dowdell
Moore is a member of the Board of Governors of the Foundation and
has served in a voluntary capacity as research associate since 1962.
The Hogg Foundation
of Mental Health, Austin ROBERT L. SUTHERLAND
And Promises to Keep: The Southern Conference for Human Welfare,
1938-1948. By Thomas A. Krueger. Nashville (Vanderbilt Uni-
versity Press), 1967. Pp. xi+218. Bibliographic essay, index. $6.50.
The balance sheet, according to Professor Krueger, "shows the
Conference an overall failure . . . its troubled life has been almost
without importance" (pp. 192-193). Why, then, should the Southern
Conference deserve a book, and a good one at that?
At least three valid reasons come immediately to mind. Nearly
every important southern liberal was numbered among its god-parents.
Moreover, it had the blessing of others-people like John L. Lewis,
Earl Browder, Eleanor Roosevelt, Maury Maverick, Henry Wallace,
Paul Robeson-people who mattered. The organization, until after
World War II, was "an unofficial propagandist for the New Deal"
(p. 54) . But it was much more. The goals of the Southern Conference
read like a primer of progressive, liberal thought: from guaranteed
cost of farm production, and crop insurance, to freedom for the Scotts,
boro boys and Negro voter registration, and all liberal causes between.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 71, July 1967 - April, 1968. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117145/. Accessed November 27, 2015.