The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 71, July 1967 - April, 1968

Book Reviews

tested. In essence, it states that the lieutenant governor is probably
the most important and influential officer of the state, exerting influ-
ence on laws, administration, and public policy. Nevertheless, he is
not widely known and his influence is not understood by those outside
legislative circles. His degree of power depends upon his personality
and his importance as a member of the "team." Based upon his
empirical data, Davis concludes that his hypothesis is essentially
correct, although he is forced to modify it by some slight rephrasing.
This knowledgeable study offers a wealth of information. It throws
new light upon the office and its potentialities. It closes the gap so
long prevalent in the literature. It is "must" reading for all who seek
a better understanding of the process of government in Texas.
North Texas State University FRED GANTT, JR.
The American West: A Reorientation. Edited by Gene M. Gressley
(University of Wyoming Publications), 1936. Pp. xiv+172. Ilus-
trations, bibliography, index. $5.00.
This paperback is a collection of six scholarly essays by prominent
western historians, plus a ten page preface by the editor. Gerald White
describes the California oil boom of the 186o's and the role played
by eastern entrepreneurs. In another essay Leonard Arrington and
Wayne Hinton present an arresting "verticle profile of the mining
industry in the West," particularly the role played by Jay Cooke in
"The Horn Silver Bonanza" of 1873.
William Lilley II and Lewis L. Gould summarize and evaluate
the western irrigation movement between 1878-1902. Their theme is
that the contiguity of private enterprise and public subsidy is no
better dramatized than in the controversy over water resources.
Gerald Nash gives another example of federalism in his article on
San Francisco, citing the fact that the state of California assumed
development of the port only as a last resort. The remaining two
essays, Wallace Farnham's on the Union Pacific and Richard Ruetten's
on Senator Burton K. Wheeler, deal with institutional governments
and political-economic protest in the West.
Although the various topics seem to bear little relationship to one
another, the selection is deliberate. The editor intends to present some-
thing other than overworked themes such as ranching, Indians, and
mountain men. Gressley emphasizes in the preface that too much

641

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 71, July 1967 - April, 1968. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117145/. Accessed January 29, 2015.