eighties. In his last (and weakest) chapter, Thrapp briefly summar-
izes Nelson A. Miles' capture and deportation of Geronimo.
The student of the Indian wars must use Thrapp's book with
caution. Like most writers captivated by John G. Bourke and other
Crook supporters, Thrapp reflects a pro-Crook bias, and in doing so
provides no satisfactory explanation for Crook's handling of the Whit-
man matter, his relations with the Tucson Indian Ring, and the
sudden resignation of the faithful Britton Davis. On page 324 "Leonard
Wood" should read "Abram Epperson Wood." A foray through the
Winners of the West (Indian War veteran magazine) might have
been useful. Finally, there is little said about the Mescalero, Jicarilla,
and Lipan Apaches.
Conquest of Apacheria is handsomely packaged, contains forty-seven
pictures and six maps, and has an extensive bibliography and adequate
index. Thrapp is highly successful in evoking emotions about the
Apache wars and retelling in a grand manner George Crook's role in
ending them. His book will find a wide audience among historians
and buffs of the Southwest.
University of Arizona HARWOOD P. HINTON
Rocky Mountain Mining Camps: The Urban Frontier. By Duane A.
Smith. Bloomington (Indiana University Press), 1967. Pp. xii
+304. Photographs, maps, bibliographical essay, index. $6.95.
The usual trend on the American frontier was from rural to urban,
but this trend was reversed on the mining frontier, which almost from
its inception was an urban frontier.
It is the urban quality of the mining camp that Duane A. Smith
stresses in Rocky Mountain Mining Camps. He limits the study to the
Rocky Mountain states, the Black Hills, and eastern Arizona between
1859 and 1890, although he refers frequently to camps in the Sierra
Nevadas, particularly Virginia City, Nevada. The book is a broad,
somewhat general coverage of the problems encountered in these
nineteenth-century municipalities, including such items as drug addic-
tion, racial and religious discrimination, legal and extralegal justice,
transportation, sanitation, water and air pollution, taxation, vice, cul-
ture, education, and religion. The author contends that the mining
town acted as the assimilator and transmitter of European and Amer-
ican ideas and traditions. He argues that the mining frontier in no
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 71, July 1967 - April, 1968. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117145/. Accessed September 4, 2015.