Southwestern Historical Quarterly
way acted as a "safety-valve" for the poor, but says the individual towns
may have been safety valves for each other. One major point of the
book, both implicitly and explicitly, is that the miner, while highly
individualistic, was not the self-sufficient "rugged individual" of
popular conception; rather he needed and wanted someone else to
supply his needs and demanded that the federal government provide
regular, efficient mail service, military protection, lenient policies
toward land and mining, and territorial government-all with limited
federal control. The merchant, the "forgotten man" of the frontier,
receives an unusually thorough coverage, perhaps because the author
presently is writing a biography of one of the most successful, Horace
Tabor. The chapter on discrimination is quite good and covers an
aspect of western life only beginning to be studied.
Smith used original sources extensively, including newspapers,
diaries, journals, and official documents. The availability of resource
material may account for the somewhat uneven sampling in several in-
stances, and the tendency to overemphasize certain camps, particularly
Leadville. The quality of the writing varies from spritely to "disser-
tationese." Factually the work is accurate, although there might be
an occasional question on interpretation. It often assumes too much
basic knowledge on the part of the reader. The bibliographical essay
is competent but brief, the index is adequate, and the illustrations
are relevant. The citation form is somewhat unsatisfactory and un-
fortunately the footnotes are lumped together at the end of the book.
The mining frontier has been inadequately covered by reliable
history, but Duane Smith's book should help to remedy a number
of the gaps.
Sul Ross State College JUDITH PARSONS
Rock Art of the American Indian. By Campbell Grant. New York
(Thomas Y. Crowell Company), 1967. Pp. xiv+178. Illustrations,
bibliography, index. $12.95.
This handsome volume on an intriguing subject is the first com-
prehensive treatment of Indian rock art for North America. The book
contains sixteen pages of color reproductions and 150 drawings and
black and white photographs, representative of some 15,000 known
sites of Indian petroglyphs and pictographs. For geographic organi-
zation, the continent is divided into nine areas: Far North, North-
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 71, July 1967 - April, 1968. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117145/. Accessed March 26, 2015.