west, Columbia-Fraser Plateau, Great Basin, California, Southwest,
Great Plains, Eastern Woodland, and Northern Woodland. Another
map shows the areas of predominantly naturalistic styles and areas of
stylized and abstract styles. Still another map conveys an idea of the
correlation between rock paintings and the birch canoe area of the
Northern Woodland district. Over the continent as a whole the rock
paintings and carvings are most numerous where rock cliffs and caves
Subject matter of rock art consists of clan and power symbols,
spirit figures, fertility drawings, primitive weapons, human and animal
likenesses, all manner of effigies, and sundry abstract designs. The
paintings and carvings have in many instances an historical chronol-
ogy. A number of prehistoric mammoth pictures have been found.
It is known that the American elephant became extinct before 4,000
B.c. Hunters with spears are shown dating before the advent of the
bow and arrow. Men on horses represent a period following the
Spanish entradas, and so on.
The author and illustrator of the book, Campbell Grant, is a re-
search assistant at the Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History. He
also teaches art and raises avocadoes in California. He has published
numerous articles on regional rock art, and is president of the Santa
Barbara chapter of the Archaeological Institute of America.
This attractive work should have a special appeal for archaeologists,
anthropologists, artists, lovers of early Americana, and discrim-
inating tourists. For students it has an exhaustive bibliography, and
for interested laymen, a selective reading list.
Texas Technological College W. C. HOLDEN
Aunt Clara: The Paintings of Clara McDonald Williamson. By
Donald and Margaret Vogel. Austin (University of Texas Press for
the Amon Carter Museum of Western Art), 1967. Pp. 120. $10.00.
This book contains forty-three reproductions of the paintings of
Clara McDonald Williamson. Although it contains a biographical
sketch and commentary by Margaret and Donald Vogel, this review
will deal only with what the artist herself has to say in paint. Born
in 1875 and living in an undramatic, rolling country, Clara McDonald
captures a good deal of drama in the people and in their way of
life. She provides an interesting record of play, work, and fantasy
for future historians and folklorists. This reviewer is always intrigued
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 71, July 1967 - April, 1968. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117145/. Accessed December 28, 2014.