and political career, despite two separate accidents which left him
completely blind before he was twenty. For a time, Gore was an
active Populist in both Mississippi and Texas politics before removing
to Oklahoma Territory in 1901. Here he rose in the ranks of the
Democratic Party, and in 1907 the newly created State of Oklahoma
sent him to the United States Senate.
Billington depicts Gore as steering an independent course in Wash-
ington, where he played a considerable role in the nomination of
Woodrow Wilson in 1912 and supported much of his "New Freedom"
legislation. But he opposed Wilson's neutrality policies and aligned
himself with the isolationists. Gore did not vote on the Declaration
of War due to a serious illness, but he did cast votes against the
draft, the food administration, and the Treaty of Versailles without
reservations. This consistent opposition to a Democratic President
led directly to his defeat in x1go. Ten years later Gore again won elec-
tion to the Senate, but found himself in opposition to much of his
party's program. In Billington's analysis, Gore had become more
reactionary as he grew older, and when he challenged the President
"in the high tide of the New Deal, the settled conservative was
washed ashore" (p. 177) .
Thomas P. Gore played a significant though secondary role in the
making of recent American history, and Billington has performed a
welcome service in rescuing him from semi-oblivion. This will be, no
doubt, the standard biography of the "Blind Senator from Oklahoma."
Stephen F. Austin State College ROBERT S. MAXWELL
The Teaching of History. Edited by Joseph S. Roucek. New York
(Philosophical Library, Inc.), 1967. Pp. 282. Bibliography.
The appearance of a volume entitled The Teaching of History
comes at an opportune time. History teaching in the elementary and
secondary schools is undergoing a searching reappraisal as various
research and development projects in the social studies report their
findings and recommendations. History courses have long constituted
more than half of the typical social studies programs in the United
States. Now history's position of dominance is under attack as the
behavorial sciences clamor for a larger share. Moreover, criticisms
of history teaching continue to mount, and few voices are raised to
defend the status quo. Possibly the most cogent appeal for a new
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 71, July 1967 - April, 1968. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117145/. Accessed July 10, 2014.