1 10 Southwestern Historical Quarterly
patent, and General Land Office file where original papers, such as
application, survey, transfers, etc., are preserved.
This work contains an explanation of original sources consulted,
an authoritative treatment of the legislative history of military land
grants, the issuance of bounty warrants and donation certificates, their
transfer, survey, and patenting. A pertinent chapter deals with the
Court of Claims established in 1856 to investigate and determine the
validity of claims against the State of Texas, particularly land claims
based on military service.
The usefulness of this volume to one interested in the Texas public
land system, to the military historian of the Republic of Texas, and
to the genealogist cannot be overestimated.
Houston, Texas COOPER K. RAGAN
The i840 Census of the Republic of Texas. Edited by Gifford White.
Austin (Pemberton Press), 1966. Pp.  - 236 + . Map, in-
Contrary to the impression conveyed by the title, this is not a census
of the Republic of Texas for the year 1840, but it is the reproduction
of the national tax assessment rolls of 26 of the 32 counties existing in
Texas in that year. The only justification for the publication of a docu-
ment of this kind is to make more readily available to researchers in
Texas history important source material, and for such to have any real
value it must be presented as accurately and completely as possible,
even though it may require a great deal of research to do so. No effort
has been made to edit or clarify names by resorting to the use of State
Land Office Records and to such records in the Archives of Texas as
those dealing with the Army, Militia, and Ranger services, the Treasury
Department, the Court of Claims, the Comptroller's Office, the Public
Debt Papers, and others; and one should not overlook the valuable
records in the respective county courthouses.
Although incomplete, the tax rolls of 1840 give some insight into
the population and wealth of Texas before there was any official census
taken. The returns give the names of most of the non-property white
male residents over 21 years of age who were subject to a $1.oo poll
tax, as well as the name of each property owner, agent, guardian, ad-
ministrator, or executor of an estate. The returns also accounted for
the following: the number of slaves owned; gold watches; silver
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 72, July 1968 - April, 1969. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117146/. Accessed September 16, 2014.