120 Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Before we discount folklore let us consider the legend of the Incan
maidens hidden high in the Andes at the mythical city of Machu
Picchu-a story that has been handed down for centuries-until, in re-
cent times, an American explorer found the ruins in Peru. Now this
delightful legend is accepted as historical fact.
Historians beware. The credibility gap is shrinking.
University of Texas at El Paso CARL HERTZOG
Ranald S. Mackenzie's Official Correspondence Relating to Texas,
187z-1873. Edited by Ernest Wallace. Lubbock (West Texas Mu-
seum Association), 1967. Pp. ix+202. Introduction, index. $6.50.
This volume of correspondence serves as a supplement to the au-
thor's earlier work, Ranald S. Mackenzie on the Texas Frontier. An
additional volume of documents, to cover the years 1874-1879, is now
in preparation. Taken together, the three books promise to give
new insight into the role of the career soldier who probably did more
than any other man to make West Texas halfway safe for the home-
steader and stockman.
Mackenzie, New York born and West Point trained, was a fighting
soldier in the Union Army, who rose from 2nd Lieutenant in 1862
to Brevet Major General in 1865. After the war he commanded the
famous 41st Infantry, a Negro regiment. He rebuilt forts Clark and
McKavett. In 1871, Mackenzie took command of the 4th Cavalry and
continued to serve in Texas until 1879, when his campaigns against
the Utes and Apaches took him farther west. In 1883 he returned to
Texas to cap off a distinguished career with a brief tenure as com-
manding officer of the Department of Texas.
The present volume contains correspondence by, to, and about
Mackenzie. It is divided, logically, into three parts, each concerned
more or less with three of the major campaigns Mackenzie waged:
the first in 1871, against Kiowa and Comanche raiders; the second in
1872, against cattle thieves operating out of New Mexico; and the
third in 1873, against the Kickapoos, in a relentless pursuit that took
Mackenzie's force across the international border into Mexico.
Professor Wallace has selected only pertinent documents, has ar-
ranged them in a meaningful order, and, rightly assuming that anyone
who is taking the pains to read the book already possesses some con-
siderable knowledge of the events and the environment described in
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 72, July 1968 - April, 1969. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117146/. Accessed April 16, 2014.