The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 72, July 1968 - April, 1969

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

which scarcely endeared him to his faculty. In general, the develop-
ment of each department is carefully traced, and an excellent section
covers the great period of expansion in the last twenty years.
The final chapter, "Medical Students and 'Old Grads,'" gives
glimpses into the early school life as seen through the recollections of
former students. In addition, it recounts the accomplishments of the
school's most illustrious graduates. Some twenty-five appendices com-
plete the book, supplying the reader with almost any and every con-
ceivable fact he might wish to know about the school.
The volume is a remarkable production job, an excellent piece of
public relations, and a detailed reference work. It should provide
the future historian with a wealth of material.
Tulane University JOHN DUFFY
A History of Negro Education in the South from 1z69 to the Present.
By Henry Allen Bullock. Cambridge (Harvard University Press),
1967. Pp. xv+339. Index. $7.95.
Professor Bullock regards setbacks, as well as advances, in Negro
education and in race relations generally as part of a grand provi-
dential design of social evolution which inexorably spirals upward to
the goal of racial integration. The flow of unintended consequences
from the most carefully laid plans provide the energy for the evolu-
tionary momentum. Thus racial struggle produces accommodation,
which sets the stage for a new struggle, and so the process continues
until the final goal is attained. This evolutionary orientation sustains
Bullock's hopes. A Negro himself, he must document the white South's
establishment of separate and unequal education for Negroes. But, he
notes, whites were devoted enough to religious and democratic prin-
ciples to allow room for, even to give some assistance to, the improve-
ment of blacks.
It is, in fact, quite remarkable how much Negroes were able to
narrow the cultural gap between themselves and whites despite the
inferior education with which they were provided. Negroes recog-
nized, however, that spurious racial inferiority could be eliminated
only by integration in education and in the whole of the social order.
And so, Bullock persuasively argues, Negro education has been an
important initiating force in the struggle to transform the caste system
of the South. It produced, in the Old South, Nat Turner and Fred-
erick Douglas, and, in the New South, W. E. B. DuBois and Martin
Luther King, all implacable enemies of racism.


Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 72, July 1968 - April, 1969. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. Accessed November 29, 2015.