The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 72, July 1968 - April, 1969

Book Reviews

her research has obviously been extensive, and the book reads easily
enough. Only one criticism can justly be raised and that is the fulsome
praise lavished without exception on all the port commissioners, port
directors, bankers, and civic leaders who played a role in the port's
growth. Perhaps a more critical appraisal would have better served
the author here. Also, the hazards of pollution and industrial waste
in the channel area are dismissed with a single, slighting paragraph.
Such an approach may be unavoidable in a work of this type, but it
unfortunately mars an otherwise well-written book.
University of Houston STANLEY E. SIEGEL
The Prehistory of the Tehuacan Valley. General editor, Douglas S.
Byers. Volume I: Environment and Subsistence. By R. S. Mac-
Neish, Douglas S. Byers, et al. Austin (University of Texas Press),
1967. Pp. viii+-331. Maps, illustrations, bibliography, index,
$15.oo. Volume II: The Non-Ceramic Artifacts. By R. S. Mac-
Neish, Antoinette Nelken-Terner, and Irmgard Weitlaner de
Johnson. Austin (University of Texas Press), 1967. Pp. xiii+258.
Maps, illustrations, bibliography, index. $12.50.
These are the first volumes to appear of a series of six being pub-
lished by the University of Texas Press for the Robert S. Peabody
Foundation of Phillips Academy, Andover, Massachusetts. They rep-
resent the beginnings of a report on one of the most exciting archaeo-
logic discoveries made in the New World; but the discovery was not
made suddenly or by accident. The work by Richard S. MacNeish and
others had indicated by 1950 that maize (corn) probably was first
domesticated in Middle America and possibly more than 5,000 years
ago. Further field work eliminated much of Middle America and
pointed to the region between Chiapas and the Valley of Mexico as
most likely to provide data on the beginnings of agriculture in the
Americas. A combination of logic and luck led to the selection of the
Tehuacan Valley in the Mexican states of Puebla and Oaxaca as the
area to be intensively studied by an interdisciplinary team of experts
within the framework of the Tehuacan Archaeological-Botanical Proj-
ect. This project was initiated and headed by MacNeish, sponsored
by the Robert S. Peabody Foundation, and underwritten by the
National Science Foundation.
The aims of the project were immediately to establish an "uninter-


Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 72, July 1968 - April, 1969. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. Accessed August 1, 2014.