logical impact on the farmer. The opening section then discusses the
controversies over whether or not horns should be removed from cattle
for safety reasons and the means of removal, the problem of horse and
cow quacks who exploited the development of veterinary science, and
the opposition to the production and sale of oleomargarine by butter
producers. A second part covers the evolution of fencing, based on
need and available material, from wooden rails in the East to barbed
wire on the plains; the bitter disputes between rural neighbors over
damages to crops and livestock for lack of proper fencing; and the
heavy loss of sheep to marauding dogs.
The third portion considers the frauds perpetrated on farmers by
traveling salesmen and certain mail-order houses dealing in presum-
ably labor-saving machines, household items, new varieties of trees
and seeds, and elaborate lightning rod systems. A fourth section con-
cerns the effect of monopolies and swindles based on patents, especially
those involving barbed wire, drivewells to reach water, huller-cleaners
for clover, and sliding gates. In a majority of instances farmers found
some type of organization necessary to produce effective judicial or
Earl W. Hayter, a professor of history at Northern Illinois Univer-
sity, who spent his youth on a North Dakota farm, has produced a
volume based primarily on agricultural journals and other printed
sources in a field where manuscript material is scarce. Several chapters
have appeared previously in historical journals and have been cited in
such standard works as Fred A. Shannon, The Farmer's Last Frontier.
Yet this book provides the first extended discussion on most of these
Specific references to Texas are rather limited, but people in most
states, at various stages in their development, faced the issues dealt
with in this study, so it should spark interest throughout the nation.
Purdue University ALWYN BARR
The Writings of J. Frank Dobie: A Bibliography. By Mary Louise
McVicker. Lawton (Museum of the Great Plains) , 1968. Pp.
xv+258. Illustrations, introduction, index. $7.95.
J. Frank Dobie Bibliography. By Spruill Cook. Waco (The Texian
Press) , 1968. Pp. x+64. Illustrations, introduction, index. $5.oo.
The McVicker bibliography of J. Frank Dobie provides a pleasant
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 72, July 1968 - April, 1969. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117146/. Accessed April 19, 2014.