The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 73, July 1969 - April, 1970

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

England-born Congregationalist, entered the Cherokee Nation in 1825
for the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions.
Quickly establishing himself as minister, teacher, and even physician,
Worcester stanchly upheld the Cherokee cause during the disputes
with Georgia which culminated in the removal of the Indians. He
followed the people west and lived what the editors call his "serener
years" in the Indian Territory, translating Scripture, writing tracts,
and shepherding the flock.
Between 1828 and 1834 the nation published at New Echota the
Cherokee Phoenix, which the Kilpatricks denote as "the first journal
printed in part in an American Indian language." Strangely, they
locate the place of publication as being "in what is now Oklahoma."
Editor for most of the weekly's six years was the young Cherokee
Elias Boudinott (his spelling), but back of him stood the Yankee
figure of Worcester, who was a frequent contributor to the pages.
The Kilpatricks have left Worcester's religious matter, written, "with
assistance," in Cherokee, in the Phoenix. But this selection of
Worcester's English-language pieces indicates his wide-ranging in-
terest in Cherokee social history, language, and myths, and, of course,
in their political disputes with white neighbors. From these writings
Worcester emerges as sufficiently learned to best the naturalist C. S.
Rafinesque on matters of the syllabary and of folklore, sufficiently
temperate to withstand verbal attacks by rival Methodist missionaries,
and sufficiently tough to endure Camp Gilmer jail.
The editors arrange the material in twenty-one chapters, the first
being prefatory. They introduce each selection with a background
paragraph (vigorously pro-Cherokee), supply notes to identify people
and places, and include a brief bibliography, but no index. Their
employment of the transliteration of Sequoyah's characters into an
orthographic system devised by Professor Floyd Lounsbury of Yale
University and Dr. Kilpatrick is most useful. Dr. Jack F. Kilpatrick's
death in 1967 is to be regretted by students of the Cherokees and of
American life in general.
Oklahoma State University THEODORE AGNEW
The Marlin Compound. By Frank Calvert Oltorf. (Austin: University
of Texas Press, 1968. Pp. 9go. Illustrations, index. $7.50.)
The Marlin Compound brings together several generations of
correspondence produced by one of the f.o.f. (fine old families) of

124

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 73, July 1969 - April, 1970. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117147/. Accessed October 31, 2014.