dissent of elite-family, bourgeois, middle-class, intellectual, and pro-
letarian elements" provided the precursors with the means of forming
coalitions designed to overthrow Diaz.
The second part of the book chronicles the activities of the revolu-
tionary intellectuals between i900oo--19x0. Much of their time during
these years was spent in jail or in exile (in the United States, where
they were harassed by Pinkerton detectives and the U.S. Postal Serv-
ice), but growing labor and peasant unrest, and the increasingly
violent, repressive measures of the Diaz regime led relentlessly to the
climax of 19i0. The third part briefly treats the role of the intellec-
tuals as active revolutionaries, 1910-1917.
Perhaps the most interesting single aspect of this generally provoca-
tive book is the treatment of Madero as a most reluctant revolution-
ary who turned to violence as a last resort. The author clearly feels
that the more radical activities of the PLM, consistently denounced
by Madero, nonetheless prepared the way for his short-lived success.
The chaotic conditions that for decades followed the revolution merely
reflected the ideological disunity of its fomentors.
New Mexico State University GENE BRACK
Coronado's Friars. By Angelico Chavez, O.F.M. (Washington, D.C.:
The Academy of American Franciscan History, 1968. Pp. xx+ 1o6.
Illustrations, appendix, bibliography, index. $6.50.)
The stated task of this work is to solve a historical conundrum: the
number and identities of the Franciscan friars who accompanied
Coronado on his expedition of 1540 to New Mexico in search of
the legendary Seven Cities. Because the expedition was considered
a failure the identities of most of the personnel-here dscribed
as "a great heroic team"-soon faded into obscurity. The author
brings to bear a minute textual criticism upon the works of Gon-
zaga, Mendieta, Torquemada and other sixteenth- and seventeenth-
century ecclesiastical writers. He establishes that a common source,
later lost, was used for the biographies of the friars and, on the whole,
he achieves his goal admirably. We now know the names and have
at least a skeletal biography of each of the five Franciscans on the
But beyond these circumscribed ends one must question the utility
of such a presentation. The approach is basically biographical, yet
because of the hagiographical, highly stylized nature of the con-
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 73, July 1969 - April, 1970. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117147/. Accessed May 3, 2016.