Southwestern Historical Quarterly
temporary biographies, there is hardly any character definition to
distinguish one friar from another, and, indeed, Father Chavez often
seems unable to go beyond these monodimensional characterizations
(for example, "Father Juan de la Cruz' own glorious memory rested
entirely on his holy and lovable nature.") The story is told largely
as internal Franciscan history. Only occasionally is it set in any wider
context (analysis of a typical-and fascinating-conquistatorial theme,
the search for the legendary Antilles and the home of the Amazons,
is limited to a brief discussion based on encyclopedia articles); nor
does the reader find many insights into the basic values informing
the Franciscan labor in the New World, of the type offered, for ex-
ample, by Robert Ricard in The Spiritual Conquest of Mexico. In
sum, the author has done a valid and valuable job of textual criticism;
but the limited scope of the subject does not really lend itself to
presentation in a full-length book and might have lent itself better
to a series of critical articles.
University of Texas at Austin THOMAS F. GLICK
Travis County, Texas: The Five Schedules of the r86o Federal Census,
Compiled by Alice Duggan Gracy and Emma G. S. Gentry. (Austin:
n.p., 1969. Pp. ioo. Illustrations, tables, index. $5.28.)
This monograph contains listings of the federal census figures of 186o
for Travis County, utilizing the five schedules available-population,
slaves, mortality figures, and agricultural and industrial products.
Interesting is the inclusion of occupations, size and composition of
families, and place of origin. By far the most residents were farmers,
although "wife" is the largest listing under "occupations." "Clerk" and
"laborer" rank high. One can make what one will from the smaller
listings-eight "gentleman," seven "farmeress," six "sportsman," one "cigar
merchant," one "artist." There are no undertakers.
Equally interesting are the holdings of slaves. Individuals owned from
one to seventy-five; and there were 3,o079 slaves for 419 owners.
Some of the causes of death may strike us as amusing-"teething,"
"bowel congestion," the "flux." The number of days each person was
ill before his death leads to some speculation. One man died of "old age"
after an illness of o20 days, a consumptive was ill 2,655 days. This column
is blank for those "murdered."
This is a sampling of these raw materials which this book has made
readily available for the historian; and anyone interested in genealogy
or onomastics will find the surnames a rich source of study.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 73, July 1969 - April, 1970. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117147/. Accessed December 10, 2013.