The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 73, July 1969 - April, 1970

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

culture reminiscent of the antebellum period into the twentieth cen-
tury which soon became a valuable tourist attraction.
This study is the fullest portrayal thus far in the dilemmas and
achievements of New Orleans following Reconstruction. What Hirsch-
feld's Baltimore, z870-1900oo is to the "Athens of Chesapeake Bay" the
Jackson volume is to the "Crescent City of the South." While there is
some repetition and uneven organization, the book is solidly based
upon a profound knowledge of original sources and constitutes a val-
uable contribution to American urban history.
West Texas State University PHILIP A. KALISCH
Liberalism in the New South: Southern Social Reformers and the
Progressive Movement. By Hugh C. Bailey. (Coral Gables, Flor-
ida: University of Miami Press, g1969. Pp. 290. Illustrations, in-
dex. $10o.oo00.)
Professor Bailey's brief survey of southern progressives in the early
twentieth century represents an extension of Arthur Link's argument,
first advanced in 1946, that the South shared a reform impulse with
the North. Focusing on the careers of six regional advocates of social
change, the author contends that these men furnished "national lead-
ership in some of its phases" to the progressive movement. Bailey has
constructed graceful sketches of these individuals and their good works,
but the essays do not add up to a convincing demonstration of his
thesis.
The chief drawback of the book is Bailey's accordianlike definition
of progressivism. It expands to embrace the campaigns against the
convict-lease system in the Gilded Age, the activities of Booker T.
Washington, and the polemical discussions of George Washington
Cable on the race issue in the 18go's. The author recognizes his con-
ceptual difficulties in the case of Cable whom he labels "A Progressive
Born Out of Time." If Bailey had confined himself to manifestations
of the reform spirit within the accepted chronological and analytical
limits of the progressive era, his narrative would have been markedly
shorter.
Bailey often falls back on assertion in the absence of substance. To
elevate Walter Hines Page's modest correspondence with Presidents
Taft and Roosevelt and his subsidiary part in Woodrow Wilson's 1912
campaign into "a significant role in national progressive politics" is

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 73, July 1969 - April, 1970. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117147/. Accessed September 23, 2014.