The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 77, July 1973 - April, 1974

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

tivities. In the nearly I44 pages of text, there are some 70 quotations, many
a page in length, and several much longer-seven pages in one instance!
The scissors-and-paste format is tedious. Jumping from narrative to narra-
tive makes it difficult to follow the author in his search for meaningful
generalizations.
Heard chooses to cast his study in the setting of "a contest of civilizations"
in which the Indians were "hospitable and helpful" (p. 9), but helpless in
the long run. He concludes that the Indian was "instinctively in tune with
the world about him" (p. 157), and if all whites could have learned what
the Indian knew-as did the captives-perhaps our air would be pure and
our streams clear today. The evidence he submits is not directly related to
such a conclusion.
Miami University DWIGHT L. SMITH
Marvin Jones Memoirs. Edited and annotated by Joseph M. Ray. (El Paso:
Texas Western Press, 1973. Pp. xxi+183. Illustrations, appendices,
index. $7.95.)
Marvin Jones, congressman, war food administrator, and federal judge,
has written at age eighty-seven a delightful account of his fifty-six years in
public life. Born on a farm near Gainesville, Texas, in 1886, educated at
Southwestern University and the University of Texas Law School, he first
won election to Congress in 1916, arriving at Washington in time to cast a
vote for Wilson's war declaration in I9I7. For the next twenty-four years
he represented the Texas Panhandle in the House of Representatives.
His district embraced an area with decided agricultural interests, and he
tells us that from his first election until leaving the House for judicial ser-
vice, three issues dominated his congressional career. First, he consistently
"offered bills and amendments looking toward research into new uses, new
manufactures, and new markets for agricultural commodities" (pp. 66-67) ;
second, he worked to reduce high interest rates paid by farmers and livestock
growers by seeking implementation of farm credits; and, third, he sought
legislation fostering soil conservation.
With the inauguration of Franklin D. Roosevelt and the start of the famed
"Hundred Days," Jones as chairman of the House Agriculture Committee,
according to his own account, "had the privilege of handling more major
bills in their passage through the House than any other member of Congress"
(p. 98). The pages which follow virtually present a short history of New
Deal farm legislation and are perhaps the more valuable part of the Memoirs
to historians. Jones regularly attended legislative strategy meetings at the

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 77, July 1973 - April, 1974. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117148/. Accessed August 1, 2014.