The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 77, July 1973 - April, 1974

Book Reviews

White House throughout the Roosevelt years, and he recounts his role in
piloting through Congress such measures as the Agricultural Adjustment
Act, National Soil Conservation Act, Farm Credit Act, Act for Refinancing
Farm Mortgages, and the Jones-Costigan Sugar Act.
Jones left the House in 1940 for a short tenure on the United States Court
of Claims. During World War II, however, F. D. R. named him war food
administrator, a post he held with distinction until 1945. President Harry
Truman later reappointed him to the Court of Claims as chief judge. His
judicial career is not covered in the Memoirs but is the subject of another
volume.
Judge Jones writes with a straight-forward and fact-filled style, giving us
a timely memoir of his own career as well as fresh insight into the Texas
contribution to New Deal legislation and policy. Joseph M. Ray, Benedict
Professor of Political Science at the University of Texas, El Paso, has con-
tributed a preface and annotations.
West Virginia State College PAUL D. CASDORPI-I
George W. Brackenridge: Maverick Philanthropist. By Marilyn McAdams
Sibley. (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1973. Pp. xiii+ 280. Illus-
trations, notes, index. $8.50.)
Not long after the end of the Mexican War young George Washington
Brackenridge journeyed to Texas and recognized it as a land of economic
opportunity. For the next seventy years after permanently relocating in the
Lone Star State, he devoted himself to his different business endeavors. Dur-
ing the Civil War he and his father bartered supplies from the family store
at old Texana for cotton. The sale of the accumulated cotton at war's end,
when cotton prices were high, staked George Brackenridge to his fortune. In
subsequent years after moving to San Antonio, he founded the San Antonio
National Bank and the First National Bank of Austin; he invested extensively
in railroads; and he developed the San Antonio Water Works Company.
Brackenridge was a public-spirited individual, who was as generous in the
giving of his money as he had been ruthless in the pursuit of it. The gift of
Brackenridge Park to the people of San Antonio is his best remembered
benefaction, but most of his contributions were in the field of education.
Brackenridge scholarships benefitted numerous students while larger gifts
assisted San Antonio public schools, a Negro college in Seguin, and the
University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston. George Brackenridge also
served on the University of Texas Board of Regents for twenty-four years.
He gave the university its first dormitory, a 5oo-acre tract of land on the

519

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 77, July 1973 - April, 1974. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117148/. Accessed December 27, 2014.