The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 78, July 1974 - April, 1975

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

James D. Cockcroft and John Womack are exemplary) have detailed the
activities of important revolutionary leaders, and have emphasized the value
of regional perspectives on the revolutionary phenomenon. Beezley's book
is a worthy addition to the literature. Its focus is the extent to which the
national revolutionary program was implemented in Chihuahua.
Abraham Gonzalez was instrumental in much of the practical organi-
zation for the revolution launched by the maderistas. As the anti-reelection-
ist governor of Chihuahua, during the interim government of Francisco
Le6n de la Barra, he zealously initiated a comprehensive program of fiscal,
educational, political, and labor reforms in his state. These reforms, con-
sistent with those of Francisco Madero at the national level, were imple-
mented even while the federal administration languished. Gonzalez's politi-
cal demise began once he left Chihuahua to become Minister of Internal
Affairs. Reform legislation was not enforced during his absence, thus cre-
ating a situation in which the Pascual Orozco rebellion flourished.
The best chapters in this monograph are those devoted to Gonzalez's
gubernatorial tenure. As in the Diaz era, the structure of the Madero gov-
ernment relied on the ability of the state governors, and Gonzilez was not
reluctant to employ porfirian methods to accomplish revolutionary aims.
Patronage, autocratic behavior, official paternalism, and favoritism were
characteristic of his regime. Yet his innovations in the taxation and control
of foreign mining companies, the elimination of fraud, and his public rap-
port, were departures from the porfirian style. Beezley demonstrates con-
vincingly that revolutionary change was not an automatic process.
Readers of this book may also be intrigued by the possibility that the
institution of the Mexican governorship, from Reforma through the early
Revolution, could become a viable topic of scholarly research. In which
case continuity, rather than change, might prove to be the proper analytical
perspective.
University of Rhode Island ANTHONY BRYAN
Unwanted Mexican Americans in the Great Depression: Repatriation
Pressures, 1929-1939. By Abraham Hoffman. (Tucson: University
of Arizona Press, 1974. Photographs, charts, notes. Pp. ix+2o7.
$9.75.)
The border between the United States and Mexico is unlike any other in
the world. A product of two wars and one of the longer borders in the
world, it divides two countries vastly different in economic development and
resources. Tremendous population pressures on Mexico and the inability of

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 78, July 1974 - April, 1975. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117149/. Accessed May 24, 2015.