The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 78, July 1974 - April, 1975

Book Reviews

including Carranza himself, advocated socioeconomic change only as a
means to win lower-class adherents.
Despite these few errors in the assessment of the internal political situ-
ation of Mexico, Hill opens up a new dimension of Wilsonian diplomacy
in a rewarding fashion. Future scholars of the relations between the United
States and Mexico might well consider Hill's proposition that Wilson even-
tually recognized the carrancistas in part because of the villistas and the
zapatistas threatened the rights of property; and the violent seizure and
repartitioning of sanctified private property galled the middle-class liberal,
ism of the Progressive president.
University of Nebraska, Lincoln PETER VN HENDERSON
Chicano Revolt in a Texas Town. By John Staples Shockley (Notre Dame,
Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press, 1974. Pp. xii+304. Illus-
trations, notes, appendices, bibliography, index, $9-95.)
In a tightly knit narrative, John Staples Shockley has presented an in-
formative study of an event of great social and political import. He has
carefully analyzed the efforts of the long-subjugated Chicano majority at
Crystal City, Texas, during the I960s to assert political power against the
Anglo establishment and achieve some measure of control over their own
destinies. He places Crystal City, in Zavala County, within the historical
confines of South Texas, and then he proceeds briefly to point up the na-
ture of the town's growth and the evolution of its social structure. He follows
with a step-by-step description of the events of the celebrated city council
election of 1963 and its aftermath, which saw Chicanos win control of
Crystal City's government and attempt to run the community for the first
time. Subsequently, he deals with the stormy episode of the school boycott
of 1969, which was an event that sprang from a dispute over the means of
naming high school cheer leaders and that served to instill a new political
consciousness among Crystal City's Chicanos.
Throughout his account, Shockley is most effective in ascribing aims and
motivations to political groupings and personalities. His evaluations of the
outcome of political struggles are well-reasoned and plausible. Overall,
Shockley writes as the detached scholar when he treats the emotionally
charged issues that touch upon ethnic background and social class. He shows
a slight inclination, however, to learn toward the Chicanos' side. Such a pro-
clivity may have sprung in part from the refusal of several prominent Anglos
to grant him interviews. Yet Shockley's sympathy here is by no means un-
measured and maudlin, because it rests on the assumption that the Chicanos


Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 78, July 1974 - April, 1975. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. Accessed August 1, 2014.