ular army commanders including General U. S. Grant by their continued
pillaging, although they also won these officers' admiration for bravery in
battle. Starr captures the essence of the Seventh Kansas's military role in a
quote from one of the unit's several commanders who on being promoted
and reassigned told the troops: "They have called you all the hard names
they could think of, but they have never called you cowards!" (p. 243).
Starr has used nearly every worthwhile source in preparing the volume.
He is fair in his assessment of the Jayhawkers and their leaders, using part
of the book to trace the careers of key officers after they are no longer
part of the regiment. (i.e., Charles Rainsford Jennison, its first commander;
Daniel R. Anthony, its prime recruiter; John Brown, Jr.; and the brigand
Marshall Cleveland.) Yet in the book's research strength is to be found
its one weakness. Having read nearly all materials available regarding the
war along the western border, Starr sometimes uses these sources uncritically
or unevenly to achieve dramatic effect while creating false impressions
about battles or about pre-Civil War guerilla activities in Kansas and
Missouri. Such criticism should not seriously detract from the praise due
this otherwise fine book, which taken with studies by Albert Castel (A
Frontier State at War: Kansas 1861-z865) or Jay Monaghan (Civil War
on the Western Border) provide entertaining insight into and understand-
ing of an often disregarded area of the War of the Rebellion.
North Texas State University ROBERT SHERMAN LA FORTE
Victorio and the Mimbres Apaches. By Dan L. Thrapp. (Norman: Uni-
versity of Oklahoma Press, I974. Pp. ix+393. Illustrations, notes, bib-
liography, index. $9.95.)
The Mimbres, or Warm Springs, Apaches were the eastern division of
the Chiricahuas and lived in the mountains of southwestern New Mexico.
Through the I85os and early I86os, Victorio was a prominent leader of
the tribe. After the death of Mangas Coloradas in 1863, he became the
principal leader. In the 187os he led his people in their final desperate stand
against the United States government's effort to concentrate all Apaches
on the San Carlos Reservation in Arizona. The "Victorio War" of I879-
I88o, cutting a broad swath of bloodshed and destruction across New Mex-
ico, Texas, and Chihuahua, stamped Victorio as one of the ablest military
chieftains of any Indian tribe. In the perspective of a century, he rivals,
perhaps even surpasses, the almost legendary Geronimo. Victorio's career
ended abruptly in 188o at Tres Castillos, Chihuahua, when Mexican troops
cornered and all but obliterated him and his followers.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 78, July 1974 - April, 1975. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117149/. Accessed April 20, 2014.