Southwestern Historical Quarterly
With the skillful precision of an experienced artist, Simmons blends the
Little Lion's exploits and hardships into the dominant themes of south-
western history. Admittedly, the Chaves portrait is incomplete; in parts it
is sketchy, owing to gaps in the archival evidence. Despite these shortcomings
the portrait has sufficient focus, with distinguishing tones and strokes, to
give El Leoncito's life depth and relief. The book additionally is enchanced
with captivating illustrations by Jose Cisneros of El Paso.
Beyond attaining the immediate goal of writing a readable and informa-
tive biography, Simmons effectively rescued his subject from bleak obscurity,
demonstrating in the process a keen perception of the Spanish-speaking cul-
ture. Although Chaves and his neighbors had to defend their ranches against
raids by hostile natives, they never became Indian haters. Simmons recog-
nized this cultural trait: "In retrospect, we see that their struggles with the
Indians were tempered by the realization that they fought against a worthy
foe, their long view tinged with no prejudice toward race" (p. 222). The
Little Lion of the Southwest is a hallmark addition to borderlands history.
It is also an exemplary resource tool for Mexican American studies and
bilingual-bicultural education programs.
University of Texas at San Antonio FELIX D. ALMARAZ, JR.
Mexican Americans: A Research Bibliography. By Frank Pino. (2 volumes.
East Lansing, Michigan: Center for International Programs, 1974.
Pp. ix+ 1359. Introduction. $ I o.oo.)
As noted in the introduction, Mexican Americans: A Research Bibliog-
raphy is "intended as an interdisciplinary guide to the study of Mexican
Americans" (p. ix), and it admirably meets this goal. This important and
useful reference work lists books; monographs; theses and dissertations;
articles from scholarly and popular periodicals; local, state, and general
government publications; and some newspaper material. The materials
indexed ranged "from the early Spanish settlements to the present day
activities of the Hispano, Mexican-American and Chicano." In addition,
there are some references to Puerto-Rican and Cuban sources "in areas
where these groups related to Mexican American" (p. ix).
The two volumes are divided into thirty-five general subject areas which
include not only traditional disciplines such as anthropology, sociology,
history, geography, and art but also many other important and frequently
neglected fields such as juvenile literature, migration studies, medicine and
health, and cinema and film. All entries are carefully cross referenced.
Although the compiler modestly claims "no pretense of completeness"
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 78, July 1974 - April, 1975. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117149/. Accessed July 5, 2015.