Jefferson; the great Baltimore fire in 1904 as well as the terrible typhoid
epidemic in Pennsylvania cities and towns in I905; military experience in
training field surgeons during World War I; a profoundly moving, descrip-
tive account of postwar Germany; and, finally, the return to San Antonio
for the passing of the caduceus from father to son and a fulfilling career
as a general practitioner and surgeon for forty-six years.
Though confessedly adulatory toward the Herff family, the memoir is
characterized throughout by clear clinical reporting, gracious humor, deep
philosophical insight, and an abiding sympathy for the frailties of man.
It is highly recommended to the historian, the clinician, or whoever would
seek to encounter a learned and gentle human being. Dr. Herff concluded
I think it is highly significant that people from every economic bracket and
from almost every country in Europe have assimilated in the short years of
America's history into a united nation. I think it speaks well for the human
race that people brought their skills and their hopes and dreams to a strange,
nearly primitive area like southwest Texas, quite often at great personal sacri-
fice, because they believed in the rights of men to better themselves, to think
for themselves, and to live among other men without fear of reprisal for their
own uniqueness. And I think it would be wise for twentieth-century Americans
to take another look at that phenomenon (II, 508).
Lehigh University JoHN H. ELLIS
Into the Twenties: The United States from Armistice to Normalcy. By Burl
Noggle. (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1974. Pp. ix+233-
Notes, bibliographical essay, and index. $8.5o.)
This compact book deals with one of the most hectic and eventful times
in modern United States history, the period from the Armistice of Novem-
ber, I918, until the election of Harding to the presidency in November,
I92o. Historians have long focused their attention upon certain major de-
velopments of these years, especially the peace conference at Versailles, the
crucial debate over entry into the League of Nations, and the "Red Scare"
of 1919-1920. But, as the author tells us, "no one has thus far attempted
to synthesize the numerous and discrete ideas and events that found life in
the months following World War I and that spawned the phenomenon
labeled 'the Twenties.' I have tried to create such a synthesis" (p. vii).
In this less than simple task, Professor Burl Noggle has generally found
success. The nation he portrays is one devoid of real political leadership,
frenzied by undissipated wartime emotions and the fear of spreading Bol-
shevism, puzzled by the questions of how to demobilize the armed forces,
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 78, July 1974 - April, 1975. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117149/. Accessed February 1, 2015.