and theological issue the church contained a large moderately conserva-
tive majority, flanked by a few adventuresome liberals like William L.
Poteat of Wake Forest University and by vitriolic fundamentalists like
J. Frank Norris. Thus on the evolution issue Baptists ranged from
staunch antievolutionists to moderate creationists to mild evolutionists.
The constant clashes between these groups formed the core of South-
ern Baptist history in the 1920s.
In the most perceptive chapter in the book, Thompson discusses
the growing rural-urban tension in the South and its impact on the
church. While this subject demands further exploration, it is clear that
Southern Baptists perceived the growing cities as both a source of
corruption and a place of opportunity. They frequently related their
internal problems to the urbanization of their section.
The Southern Baptist church is one of the nation's most important
religious institutions. This book does much to explain the central
issues that gripped the denomination in the 192os and that, probably
more than Thompson seems to think, still dominate the church's
University of Arkansas DAVID EDWIN HARRELL, JR.
Juan Davis Bradburn: A Reappraisal of the Mexican Commander of
Anahuac. By Margaret Swett Henson. (College Station, Tex.:
Texas A&M University Press, 1982. Pp. 159. Acknowledgments,
appendices, bibliography, index. $9.50.)
It is generally believed that the skirmish at Gonzales, October 2,
1835, began the military phase of the Texas Revolution. The minor
encounter there was followed by relatively sustained campaigning
until independence was achieved on the battlefield at San Jacinto on
April 21, 1836. This familiar scenario, however, overlooks the Ana-
huac-Velasco affair of June, 1832, in which there was loss of both
Texan and Mexican life. It may well be, as Henson believes, that Texas
historians have relegated the Anahuac incident to a position of minor
significance because of their bias toward the commander of the Mexi-
can customs garrison.
Born in Richmond, Virginia, in 1787 of Scotch-Irish parentage,
Bradburn became a trader along the Natchez Trace. He adopted the
cause of Mexican independence against Spain and was active in fili-
bustering movements into Texas as early as 1815. A champion of
Augustin Iturbide's Plan of Iguala, he enjoyed Iturbide's favor after
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 87, July 1983 - April, 1984. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117150/. Accessed April 21, 2014.