The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 87, July 1983 - April, 1984

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

Bodmer and Miller serve as invaluable historical and ethnological
documents. The principal contribution of such late nineteenth-
century frontier elegists as Remington and Russell lies elsewhere: they
gave us the West of nostalgia.
There are a few minor errors in the biographical notes-and a few
major ones in the entry for Russell-but The West as Romantic
Horizon stands as an attractive catalog of a still relatively unknown
collection. It is especially welcome as further evidence of the growing
maturity of western art studies.
University of Victoria BRIAN W. DIPPIE
British Columbia
Three Dollars per Mile: Accounts of Early Surveying in Texas.
Edited by Marilyn Webb. (Austin: Texas Surveyors Association,
1981. Pp. 454. Foreword, illustrations, acknowledgments, index.
Texas Was His Land: Willis Day Twichell, Pioneer Surveyor. By
Fred M. Truett. (Burnet, Tex.: Eakin Press, 1982. Pp. vii+ 142.
Foreword, illustrations, bibliography, index. $9.95.)
When Mexico first allowed immigrants to settle in the vast reaches
of Texas, large portions of the territory were unknown to those de-
siring to understand its opportunities and limitations. In Three Dol-
lars per Day, a history encompassing three-quarters of the nineteenth
century and a significant part of the twentieth, we have a documentary
account of the surveyors' professional contributions to the develop-
ment of the state. Their work involved assessing the possibilities for
wagon routes, forage for draft animals, water, and even wood for
cooking. Observations also included assessment of items faunal, floral,
anthropological, and geological. As the process expanded, more precise
measurement and documentation of the land occurred. Such docu-
mentation made possible tract assignment and legal ownership.
The surveyors' story is revealed through diaries describing Indian
encounters, involvement with trail animals (especially with intractable
mules), and frontier life on a personal level. A portion includes scout-
ing operations and documentary reports necessary for opening mid-
nineteenth-century routes through Texas. Included also are boundary
reports pertinent to Mexico and Louisiana. One important section
describes the lives and activities of historic Texans. A significant auto-
biographical sketch is narrated by Jose Policarpo ("Polly") Rodriguez


Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 87, July 1983 - April, 1984. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. Accessed October 23, 2014.