The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 87, July 1983 - April, 1984

Book Reviews

grant and Catholic" (p. 226). For Democrats "slavery was part of the
larger matter of cultural hegemony" (p. 226), and the Republicans
were feared for the restrictions they would place on individual and
localistic modes of behavior.
Much broader and more quantitative in their orientation are the
essays by Thomas B. Alexander and William E. Gienapp. Alexander
presents a statistical argument for partisan continuity in voting be-
havior between 1840 and 1860, but in the process stretches historical
reality to the breaking point. Most obviously, his bifurcation of the
186o presidential vote into a Democratic (Breckinridge and Doug-
las) and anti-Democratic (Lincoln and Bell) vote bleaches out the
issues, indeed the passions, that shaped voter identification during that
critical election. To be sure, the case for continuity is a real and ne-
glected one, but the undeniable shifts and sectionalized patterns that
did constitute the realignment of the mid-1850os were of far more
significance for the impending crisis of the Union. Gienapp's analysis
of political culture in the North leaves little doubt of the massive
voter participation, sheer vitality, and ideological vigor of that cul-
ture. Still, by avoiding any definition of political culture and by but
briefly alluding to the process by which that culture intersected with
the sectional crisis of the 185os, his essay sacrifices analysis for
description.
The fusion of the new political history with traditional Civil War
historiography remains incomplete. Although these essays mark a
promising beginning, their general avoidance of such fundamental
themes as class and power strongly suggests that such a fusion will re-
main elusive.
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill WILLIAM L. BARNEY
Cowgirls: Women of the American West: An Oral History. By Teresa
Jordan. (New York: Anchor Press, 1982. Pp. xxi+3ol. Introduc-
tion, photographs, epilogue, bibliography, index. $19.95.)
Women of the West. By Cathy Luchetti, in collaboration with Carol
Olwell. (St. George, Utah: Antelope Island Press, 1982. Pp. 240.
Preface, notes, introduction, photographs, appendix, chronology,
footnotes, bibliography, photographic sources, acknowledgments.
$25.)
Teresa Jordan has compiled a thoughtful collection of oral his-

341

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 87, July 1983 - April, 1984. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117150/. Accessed July 13, 2014.