Southwestern Historical Quarterly
The price he paid was his own credibility with blacks, while he gained
in return only a few black federal appointments and some temporary
influence in the increasingly lily-white Republican party. Harlan
makes it clear that Washington's problem in this case, as in others,
was the consequence of his accommodationist perspective.
In all, Harlan shows the wizard to be as much a victim as a master
of his sleights-of-hand. Having accepted the reality of a racist society,
Washington could maneuver only within its parameters. His sincere
desire to improve life for blacks was constantly compromised by his de-
sire for personal power in a situation that allowed that power to be
exercised only by subterfuge. Harlan's delineation of the complexities
of such a life makes his study a major contribution to black history.
The University of Texas at Austin KEITH E. BYERMAN
Oklahoma Politics: A History. By James R. Scales and Danney Goble.
(Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1982. Pp. xii+372.
Preface, illustrations, bibliography, index. $24.95-)
Oklahoma: New Views of the Forty-sixth State. Edited by Anne
Hodges Morgan and H. Wayne Morgan. (Norman: University of
Oklahoma Press, 1982. Pp. x+308. Preface, maps, notes, con-
tributors, index. $16.95.)
In honor of Oklahoma's Diamond Jubilee in 1982, the University of
Oklahoma Press published several major works on the Sooner State.
A part of that publication effort, these two volumes provide new in-
sights into the political, social, economic, and cultural history of
Oklahoma. Oklahoma Politics: A History is based on James Ralph
Scales's dissertation, which was completed at the University of Okla-
homa in 1949, but encompasses the substantial volume of research
that has appeared in the last three decades. The result is a reinterpreta-
tion of the state's political development. Anne and Wayne Morgan
have edited a collection of essays that covers a wide range of topics and
includes the best bibliographies of works on Oklahoma yet produced.
Both volumes should generate numerous books, articles, theses, and
dissertations as they clearly delineate what remains to be done in
When Scales completed his dissertation there were few secondary
works of quality that dealt with Oklahoma's political history. Sub-
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 87, July 1983 - April, 1984. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117150/. Accessed July 23, 2014.