lumber industry experienced growth as dramatic as any in the other
Because extensive cutting of the Texas forests of virgin pine began
later in the Southeast, large mills in that state were able to continue
operating after eastern mills had exhausted their supplies of timber.
Similarly, Texas lumber manufacturers entered into the new age of
conservation before the original tracts of virgin timber were entirely
depleted. Thus, there was less of a break between the early exploitative
phase of lumbering and the modern period of continuous production
made possible by tree farming than occurred elsewhere.
Maxwell and Baker have vividly described all aspects of the Texas
pine-lumber industry, from railroad building to the lives of the work-
ers, illustrating their text with many well-chosen photographs. Their
researches have produced few surprises for students familiar with the
history of southern lumbering, but they have succeeded admirably in
painting an accurate and interesting portrait of life in the western
reaches of the great southern pine forest during the period when the
original stands of timber were being exploited.
Both professional historians and casual students of Texas history or
southern economic history will find this excellent book well worth
their time. Indeed, it could well serve as a model for future studies
in the field of lumber history.
Florida State University JOHN HEBRON MOORE
Papa Jack: Jack Johnson and the Era of White Hopes. By Randy
Roberts. (New York: The Free Press, 1983. Pp. xii+274. Ac-
knowledgments, prologue, illustrations, bibliographic note, in-
Known as "Papa Jack" to his intimate friends, Jack Johnson, the
heavyweight boxing champion from 1908 to 1915, was among the first
generation of blacks to grow up after the Civil War. It was a period of
racial segregation, something Johnson never accepted. He lived his
early years in Galveston, where he learned the rudiments of his craft
in street fights and in free-for-all brawls staged for the entertainment
of white spectators. He left home after the 1900oo storm, traveled the
United States and Europe in search of prizefights, and finally broke
the color line to win the world championship in Australia.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 87, July 1983 - April, 1984. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117150/. Accessed May 25, 2013.