The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 89, July 1985 - April, 1986

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

Although Alexandre Hogue has lived and worked in Oklahoma
for more than forty years now, his roots are Texan. He was born in
Memphis, Missouri, in 1898 but moved with his family to Denton,
Texas, at the age of six weeks. As DeLong ably recounts, Hogue's early
years in Texas were important to both the content and the form of his
art. His family's experiences living on the land and working the Texas
soil informed him of the idea of life within the earth, a concept he has
explored in much of his work. His early art training in Denton with an
Englishwoman, Elizabeth Hillyar, was important for teaching him re-
spect for mass and form over outline.
After a short sojourn in New York during the early 192os, Hogue re-
turned to the Southwest. Drawn to the region's landscape and native
people, he spent long periods in the Taos area, but by the 1930s Dallas
became home base. There, with his friend Jerry Bywaters, he helped to
establish a major school of regional art. During this period Hogue com-
pleted some of his best-known works, such as Mother Earth Laid Bare
(1938), depicting the tragic ruin of the southwestern landscape by the
erosive forces of man.
In 1945 Hogue accepted a position as chairman of the art depart-
ment at the University of Tulsa. Throughout much of the 1950s and
196os he had little time to pursue his own work, but upon his retire-
ment from academia in 1968 he resumed painting full time. One of the
major contributions of DeLong's volume is her discussion of his works
from these later years, particularly the Big Bend series of the 197os, a
group of paintings that marked his return to the exploration of the vi-
tality of the Texas landscape.
The discussion of Hogue provides no references to specific plates or
figures, and this omission is annoying. Nevertheless, with an introduc-
tion by the prominent historian of American art Matthew Baigell, a
well-written text and impressive plates, the catalogue succeeds in re-
introducing a painter whose work is important not only in a regional
context, but on the greater canvas of American art as well.
The University of Texas at Austin EMILY F. CUTRER
Texas: A Geography. By Terry G. Jordan with John L. Bean, Jr., and
William M. Holmes. (Boulder: Westview Press, 1984). Pp. xxii+288.
Tables, maps, illustrations, photographs, sources and suggested
readings, index. $36, cloth; $18, paper.)
Both Texans and non-Texans have spatial images of Texas and per-
ceptions about its inhabitants. In this book of twelve chapters, three

228

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 89, July 1985 - April, 1986. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117151/. Accessed April 20, 2014.