The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 90, July 1986 - April, 1987

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

never knew it existed. While avoiding some of the old pitfalls concern-
ing the 1519 Alvarez de Pineda (not Pifieda) voyage in the northern
Gulf (p. 17), the authors succumb to some new ones. (There is no "re-
port that bears Pifieda's name in the Archives of the Indies" [p. 17], or
elsewhere, that is known.)
Additionally, the role of the Spaniards whose early explorations pro-
vided the bulk of early map data on the Gulf region does not seem
fairly represented. Nor is there mention of the landmark maps of Juan
de la Cosa (1500); Alberto Cantino (1502); or Peter Martyr (151 i)-all
antecedent to the celebrated 1513 Martin Waldseemuller map (plate
1)-or of the one attributed to Hernando Cort6s, the first map to be
published showing the actual Gulf (1524).
The book is of value, however, not only for its basic cartographic in-
formation but also as a spur to further inquiry into concerns that have
yet to be addressed adequately: How did the mapmakers derive their
information on the New World? What was the source of their place
names, and how were these altered and shuffled about? To what extent
did map portrayals lag behind actual discovery? Which maps were
done "out of thin air" and which ones were thoroughly researched or
based on actual exploration? With the aid of computer technology,
such questions might now be investigated in a way that would result in
classification of the early maps according to their value as learning
tools, artistic creations, or mere curiosities.
Historical cartography has been kept too long on the fringes of se-
rious study by historians and geographers alike. J. C. and Bob Martin,
in this work as in their previous one, have taken a step toward pushing
back the cartographic frontier of Texas and the Southwest
Bonham, Texas ROBERT S. WEDDLE
Rebels on the Rio Grande: The Civil War Journal of A. B. Peticolas. Edited
by Don Alberts. (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press,
1984. Pp. ix+ 187. Preface, introduction, maps, illustrations, notes,
epilogue, bibliography, index. $19.95, cloth; $9.95, paper.)
The diaries or journals of six soldiers in General Henry Hopkins Sib-
ley's Army of New Mexico have survived through the years and remain
vital for a thorough undertanding of the war in the Territory of New
Mexico. By far the most impressive of these is the journal kept by
twenty-three-year-old Sergeant Alfred Brown Peticolas, a Virginia-
born attorney from Victoria, Texas, who joined Captain George J.
Hampton's Victoria Invincibles (Company C of the Fourth Regiment) in
the summer of 1861. Peticolas, a keen observer and effective writer, saw

l06

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 90, July 1986 - April, 1987. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117152/. Accessed September 21, 2014.