The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 90, July 1986 - April, 1987

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

the participants adds to the reader's historical understanding. The vol-
ume offers a convenient synthesis of eyewitness accounts, memoirs, and
historical evaluations in a highly readable style.
The editor begins with the effect of the 1810 Hidalgo revolution in
Texas and then threads his way through the confusing array of Anglo-
American filibusters and Hispanic republicans who captured Nacog-
doches, La Bahia (Goliad), and San Antonio in 1812-1813. He ex-
plains the rivalries for leadership, the intrigue by agents of the United
States, and the precarious position of the Hispanic Texans enmeshed in
revolution and counter-revolution. To point up the impact of the final
battle, he notes that more men were killed than the combined totals for
the Alamo, Goliad, and San Jacinto.
Excellent maps, including modern composites of eighteenth- and
nineteenth-century drawings, aid in understanding the northeastern
Spanish borderlands in 1812, from just below the Rio Grande to Nat-
chitoches, Louisiana.
Houston, Texas MARGARET SWETT HENSON
Turning Points in El Paso, Texas. By Leon C. Metz. (El Paso, Tex.: Man-
gan Books, 1985. Pp. 128. Foreword, maps, illustrations, acknowl-
edgments, sources, index. $19.95.)
In Turning Points in El Paso, Texas, Leon C. Metz has provided a brief,
interesting look at major events that helped to shape the El Paso of
today. Metz chose these particular turning points because they "demon-
strate the twists and turns of El Paso in reaching its present accom-
modation with destiny" (foreword). They are presented basically in
chronological order, with an essay on the Rio Grande, "El Paso's most
durable and important physical asset" (p. 11), opening the book and
another one on Anson Mills, who surveyed and named the town, clos-
ing it. Between these two chapters Metz discusses the official possession
of the Pass of the North by Spain in 1598, the establishment of the first
Fort Bliss in 1849, the vote of El Pasoans to become part of Texas in
1850, the fighting of the Civil War in the West, the battle over the salt
flats in the 1870s, the arrival of the Southern Pacific Railway in 1881,
the election of El Paso as county seat in 1883, the struggle for law and
order between 188o and 1882, the arrival and subsequent removal of
prostitution in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the
decision to keep Fort Bliss in El Paso and to select a new site in 1893, the
battle of Juirez in 1911, the building of the Elephant Butte Dam in
1912-1916, and the settlement of the boundary issue between the

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 90, July 1986 - April, 1987. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117152/. Accessed July 25, 2014.