The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 90, July 1986 - April, 1987

202 Southwestern Historical Quarterly
with integration, and with the challenges of the post-World War II
period.
Windsor Publications has the reputation of producing very high
quality urban history books. The firm is known for good design and
editing, and for seeking out the best historians of the community to
write the text. David Humphrey is a scholar and a historian. He holds
degrees from Northwestern, Harvard, and Princeton, and he taught
history at Carnegie-Mellon University in Pittsburgh before coming to
Austin to serve on the archival staff at the Lyndon Baines Johnson Li-
brary. Picture researcher Alison M. Beck, archivist at the Barker Texas
History Center at the University of Texas at Austin, sought every source
of photographs available, and her carefully chosen pictures enhance
the narrative.
The one downfall of all Windsor community history books is the sec-
tion "Partners in Progress." Austin: An Illustrated History contains nearly
one hundred pages of brief histories of local businesses and organiza-
tions, with the fee that is charged the only requirement for being in-
cluded. Amateur historians, who may use this book as a resource in the
years to come, may be led to believe that those represented were the
leading business firms that shaped Austin's destiny in the 198os.
Austin History Center, Austin Public Library AUDRAY BATEMAN
War, Revolution and the Ku Klux Klan: A Study of Intolerance in a Border
City. By Shawn Lay. (El Paso: Texas Western Press, 1985. Pp. xi+ 201.
Introduction, maps, notes, index. $20.)
This is a concise, well-written case study of the Ku Klux Klan in El
Paso during the early 192os. The author, Shawn Lay, explains how and
why the Klan came to that border city and describes and analyzes the
organization's success, failures, and ultimate defeat. Lay argues that the
Klan's birth in El Paso was the result of a local environment shaped by
events and historical patterns dating back to the 188os. In two useful
chapters, Lay provides an overview of El Paso history that emphasizes
how the community's long tradition of social and racial tolerance (par-
tially the result of its relative geographic isolation) slowly disintegrated
in the face of changes brought about by the coming of the railroad,
industrialization, and the subsequent influx of Anglo immigrants. Lay
also explains how ethnic and racial tensions intensified from 1910o to
192o because of the local effects of the violent revolution in Mexico and
the influence of superpatriotic propaganda flowing from American in-
volvement in World War I. This latter development, Lay points out, en-

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 90, July 1986 - April, 1987. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117152/. Accessed August 28, 2014.